Parupeneus luteus   (Valenciennes,  1831) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 177-265 mm

Color: Uniformly yellowish to rosy. Fresh specimens sometimes with pale longitudinal lines along upper side of head. Fins yellowish, soft dorsal and anal with traces of 3-4 brownish longitudinal bands.

Head 3.0-3.2 in standard length, 3.7-3.9 in total length. Depth of body 3.5-3.7 in standard length, 4.4-4.7 in total length. Eye diameter 5.5-7.0 in head, 2.8-3.8 in snout and 1.5-1.8 in convex interorbital space. Maxilla more than an eye diameter distant from front border of eye. A single series of conical teeth in jaws; vomer and palatines edentulous. Barbels extending almost to hind margin of operculum. First dorsal fin spine small, third spine longest, slightly less than snout and eye diameter together. Pectoral fin slightly shorter than ventral, it being equal to snout and eye together.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VIII; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: i, 8; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: I, i, 6; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 16; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 29-30; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2 ½ +1+6 ½ ; gill raker count: 5+1+19-23.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Upeneus luteus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1831
Parupeneus luteus Weber and de Beaufort 1931
Pseudupeneus luteus Munro 1955

Common Name (s)
• Manjalmanakkam
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)



• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-11

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