Parupeneus chryserydros   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 124-270 mm

Color: Head and body yellowish brown, slightly lighter below with a yellowish saddle dorsally on caudal peduncle and bluish lines radiating from eye. These lines from eye not very prominent in large specimens. Spinous dorsal and caudal dusky tan; soft dorsal and anal with 4-5 dark streaks; pectoral pale, ventral pale to dusky; hind part of caudal in the large specimens with several dark streaks.

Head 3.0-3.1 in standard length, 3.7-3.8 in total length. Depth of body 3.5-3.6 in standard length, 4.5-4.6 in total length. Eye diameter 5.7-7.0 in head, 3.0-4.1 in snout and 1.3-1.7 in convex interorbital space. Maxillary extending about an eye diameter from front of eye. Teeth stout, in a single series in jaws, no teeth on vomer and palatines. Barbels nearly reaching base of ventral fins. First dorsal fin spine minute, second and third dorsal fin spines subequal, equal to snout and half eye together. Ventral fin longer than pectoral, equal to snout and eye together.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VIII; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: i, 8; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: I, i, 6; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 16; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 30; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2 ½ +1+6 ½ ; gill raker count: 5-6+1+20-21.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mullus chryserydros Lacepede 1802
Mullus radiatus Shaw 1803
Parupeneus chryserydros Weber and de Beaufort 1931
Pseudupeneus chryseredros Smith and Smith 1963

Common Name (s)
• Manjalmanakkam
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)



• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-11

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