Upeneus arge   Jordan & Evermann,  1903 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 25-36.5 cm.

Color: Uniformly milky white, slightly dusky on back. A pale horizontal lateral stripe from operculum to caudal base. Spinous dorsal transparent, dusky distally with traces of two longitudinal dusky bars below; soft dorsal transparent with 3 indistinct dusky bars; caudal with 6 oblique black bars on upper lobe and 5 black bars on lower lobe, the outer two bars on the lower lobe much broader than others. Other fins transparent.

Head 3.6-4.1 in standard length, 4.8-5.2 in total length. Depth of body 4.1-4.4 in standard length, 5.3-5.6 in total length. Eye diameter 4.5-5.0 in head, 1.7-2.0 in snout and 1.4-1.5 in nearly flat interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below anterior third of eye. A prominent swelling on snout in front of eye. Barbels scarcely reaching hind border of preopercle. Teeth in villiform bands in jaws; teeth present on vomer and palatines. Preorbital without scales. First dorsal fin spine minute, second spine longest, much longer than head without snout. Pectoral fin equal to head without snout or slightly longer.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VIII; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: i, 8; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: I, i, 6; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 13-14; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 38-39; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2 ½ +1+7; gill raker count: 5-6+1+14-16.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Upeneus taeniopterus (non Cuvier, 1829)
(Misapplied name)

Common Name (s)
• Manakkam (Malayalam)
• Thelakanthi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Benthic, Pelagic, Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1965) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part II Journal of Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 7(1) 108-123 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/881/1/Article_11.pdf
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-18

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