Johnius maculatus   Bloch & Schneider  1801 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Sciaenidae

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Description
Size: 113 mm

Color: Silvery grey above, abdomen whitish. Five broad interrupted black cross bands; the first from nape and terminating below the lateral line, the second below fourth to seventh dorsal spines ending above the hind half of pectoral fin; the third below the two dorsal fins obliquely downwards; the fourth below the middle of soft dorsal and ending below the lateral line and the fifth below the last rays of dorsal. Upper two thirds of spinous dorsal blackish; other fins yellowish.

Head about 3 in standard length, 3.7 in total length. Depth of body 3.1 in standard length, 3.8 in total length. Eye diameter 4.3 in head, 1.1 in snout and 0.9 in interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of iris. Preopercle with widely separated denticulations. Opercle with two obtuse spines. Snout prominent before jaws, its free border lobate with 4 pores. Lower jaw with 5 mental pores. Teeth villiform in upper jaw with an outer row of conical teeth and villiform teeth in lower jaw. Pectoral fin shorter than head without snout.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: X, I, 24; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 7; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 18; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 49; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 8+1+18.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Johnius maculatus Bloch and Schneider 1801
Sciaena maculata Day 1878

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• INDIA (Record: 1980)
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1980)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org


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