Lutianus gibbus   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 29-232 mm

Color: Yellowish brown above, lighter below. Dorsal and anal dusky at base, with dark submarginal band and whitish border. Axil of pectoral dark, fin yellowish. Ventral yellowish, slightly dark distally. Caudal dark purple. Caudal peduncle and caudal fin dark brown in juveniles.

Head 2.4-2.7 in standard length, 3.2-3.5 in total length. Depth of body 2.5-2.7 in standard length, 3.3-3.5 in total length. Eye diameter 3.8-4.3 in head, 1.3-1.5 in snout and 0.8-1.0 in interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye. Teeth in narrow bands in jaws, outer series canine like, especially those anteriorly. Teeth on vomer and palatines. Preoperculum denticulated, with a deep notch. Interopercular knob well developed. Scales beginning behind a vertical through hind border of eye. 5-6 rows of scales on cheeks. Scale rows above lateral line and those below it obliquely ascending to dorsal profile. Third or fourth dorsal fin spine longest, about 1.4 eye diameter, posterior spines gradually becoming shorter. Second anal fin spine stronger and slightly longer than 3rd anal spine, the former slightly longer than diameter of eye. Pectoral fin about half length of snout shorter than head, ventral nearly equal to snout and eye together.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: X, 14-15; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 8-9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 52-58; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 8-9+1+19-21; gill raker count: 9-10+1+18-20.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Sciaena gibba Forskal, 1775
Lutianus gibbus Day, 1878
Lutjanus gibbus Weber and de Beaufort, 1936

Common Name (s)
• Ginimas
• Chemmali
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Mohan, RSL and Murty, VS (1989) Other fin-fish resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 65-72 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-01

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