Lutianus kasmira   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 30-252 mm

Color: Yellowish, slightly darker above. Head and body with fine bluish longitudinal bands bordered with brown. A large black blotch on lateral line below beginning of soft dorsal. Fins light yellowish. Margin of dorsal fin dusky.

Head 2.5-2.7 in standard length, 3.2-3.4 in total length. Depth of body 2.6-2.9 in standard length, 3.3-3.7 in total length. Eye diameter 3.8-4.2 in head, 1.3-1.4 in snout and 0.8-0.9 in interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below or slightly posterior to a level from the anterior border of pupil. Teeth in narrow bands in jaws, outer row often caninoid. Teeth on vomer and palatines. Preoperculum with deep notch, its hind border and lower border strongly denticulated. Interopercular knob well developed. Scales on head beginning above middle of orbit, supratemporal band of scales meeting on dorsal surface of head. Dorsal fin spines increasing in length to the fourth, it being longest, equal to or a little more than length of snout and following spines gradually decreasing in length. Second anal fin spine stronger and longer than the third, nearly equal to longest dorsal spine. Pectoral fin one eye diameter shorter than head, ventral fin as long as postorbital length of head with ½ eye diameter.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: X-XI, 14-15; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 8; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 13-14; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 54-67; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 8-9+1+19-21; gill raker count: 6-7+1+13-14.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Sciaena kasmira Forskal, 1775
Lutianus bengalensis Day, 1878
Lutianus kasmira Smith, 1949
Lutianus quinquelinearis Day, 1878
Lutjanus kasmira Day, 1888

Common Name (s)
• Reendumas
• Manhan
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Bait fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Mohan, RSL and Murty, VS (1989) Other fin-fish resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 65-72 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-01

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