Thalassoma umbrostigma   (Ruppell,  1835) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 21.2 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens light reddish brown, lighter below. Some scales of black each with a dark brown patch at base, arranged in about 5 groups, separated by vertical light stripes, which are confluent with a light broad band running from head to upper part of caudal. A similar light band lower down on side, parallel to the first and connected with it by about four broad vertical bands, the scales in the inter spaces with dark stripes, forming groups. Similar spots below this band. Upper part and sides of head covered with dark brown spots and stripes, united into more or less conspicuous lines anteriorly, two of which parallel, running from middle of snout to below eye and from there in a downwards curve to lower part of operculum. Dorsal and anal yellowish, sometimes with traces of longitudinal band. A black blotch on second spine and on the membranes before and behind it. Other fins also white or yellowish, the pectorals often dusky at tip. In life the light bands and stripes are dark red and the dorsal and anal have a longitudinal red band.

Height 3.3-3.6, 4 in length with caudal. Head 3.3-3.6, 4-4.3 in length with caudal. Height of head 1.2-1.4 in its length. Eye 4.6-5.2, 1.6-2 in snout and 1.4 in convex inter orbital space. Mouth slightly oblique, not reaching to below anterior nostril. Lips thick, plated, the inner plate festooned. Teeth moderate, in a single series, the two anterior ones in the upper and in the lower jaw moderate canines. Head naked, with exception of about 3 scales on upper part of opercle. Six or seven scales before dorsal. Dorsal spines short, the first as long as eye, the last as long as snout, the soft dorsal higher than the spinous part, somewhat rounded. Origin of anal below last spine of dorsal. First anal spine very small or absent, last spine longest, as long as longest dorsal spine. Soft anal somewhat less deep than soft dorsal, but similar in shape. Pectorals slightly more than head without snout. Ventrals without produced rays, pointed, equal to post orbital part of head. Caudal truncate or slightly rounded.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Julis umbrostygma Ruppell 1835
Julis souleyetii Valenciennes 1841
Julis (Julis) souleyetii Bleeker 1855
Julis umbrostigma Bleeker 1862
Julis umbrostigma Gunther 1862
Julis umbrostigma Kner 1865
Julis umbrostigma Klunzinger 1871
Julis purpurea Day 1877
Julis umbrostigma Steindachner and Denkschr 1900
Thalassoma umbrostigma Jordan and Evermann 1905
Julis umbrostigma Gilchrist and Thompson 1908
Julis umbrostigma Gunther 1909
Julis umbrostigma M. Weber 1913
Julis umbrostigma Pellegrin 1914
Thalassoma umbrostigma Jordan and Jordan 1925
Thalassoma purpureum Barnard 1927
Thalassoma umbrostigma Fowler 1928
Thalassoma umbrostigma Fowler and Bean 1928
Thalassoma umbrostigma Herre 1936
Julis umbrostygma Ruppell 1835
Julis purpurea Day 1878
Thalassoma umbrostigma de Beaufort 1940

Common Name (s)
• Hikkae
• Nhola
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)



• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-11

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