Holocentrus caudimaculatus   Ruppell,  1838 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 85-168 mm

Color: Reddish; chest, abdomen and upper part of caudal peduncle lighter. Fins yellowish, spinous dorsal with reddish tinge.

Head 2.6-2.8 in standard length, 3.3-3.5 in total length. Depth of body 2.4-2.7 in standard length, 3.1-3.3 in total length. Eye diameter 3.0-3.2 in head, 0.8-0.9 in snout and 0.6-0.7 in interorbital space. Maxillary reaching almost to below middle of eye. Nasalia ending in a bifurcate spine in front. Preopercular spine reaching beyond gill opening. Front border of nasal opening with one spine. Preorbital with a blunt spine in front followed by smaller ones. Suborbital and postorbital strongly serrated. Ventral fins equal to slightly shorter than pectorals. Two flat spines on superior part of operculum. Third or fourth dorsal spine longest, 1.3-1.5 of eye diameter. Third anal spine long, twice eye diameter.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XI, 14; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: IV, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 12; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: I, 7; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 40-41; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 3+1+7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Holocentrus spinifer Ruppell 1828
Holocentrum caudimaculatum Ruppell 1835
Holocentrus caudimaculatus Munro 1955

Common Name (s)
• Raverimas
• Theekaduva
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)



• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-11

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