Holocentrus sammara   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 35-164 mm

Color: Yellowish to silvery white with brown bands along scale rows formed by spots in the centre of scales, the one along lateral line darker than others. Upper parts of head grayish, cheeks with 5 or 6 rows of black spots. Spinous dorsal pale to dusky, with a large black blotch between first four spines. Soft dorsal and soft anal pale, anterior rays of these fins often blackish. Caudal fin lobes pale yellowish with submarginal longitudinal dark streak along lobes.

Head 2.6-2.8 in standard length, 3.3-3.6 in total length. Depth of body 3.1-3.5 in standard length, 4.0-4.4 in total length. Eye diameter 2.7-3.0 in head, 0.8-1.0 in snout and about 0.7 in interorbital space. Nasalia obtusely rounded in front. Preorbital with a row of spines, the front one large, suborbital and postorbital serrated. Two flat spines on upper part of operculum. Opercular spine extending upto the margin of opercular membrane. All opercular bones strongly serrated, preopercular spine reaching almost to the branchial opening. Last dorsal spine close to the first dorsal ray, longer than the preceding one. Third anal spine longer than snout and eye together. Pectoral and ventral fin subequal, as long as or slightly longer than snout and eye together.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: X, I, 12-13; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: IV, 8; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, (11) 12; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: I, 7; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 39-42; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 3+1+7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Sciaena sammara Forskal, 1775
Holocentrum sammara Day, 1878
Holocentrus sammara Smith, 1949

Common Name (s)
• Hudubarihi
• Kolkaduva
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-18

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