Pseudosciaena soldado   (Lacepede)  1802 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 60 cm.

Color: Greenish brown or gray above, whitish on flanks and below with silvery reflections, paired fins and caudal yellowish, spinous dorsal with a dark margin, a dark spot behind each dorsal spine and ray.

Oblong, compressed, dorsal profile from snout to tail strongly convex, less s in adult, which have a slightly concavity before and above eyes, ventral profile straight to anal. Height 3-4.1, head equal or somewhat more or less. Eye in anterior half of head, above horizontal through commencement of gape of mouth, 4.5-5.8 in head, about equal to flatly convex inter-orbital space, slightly shorter than snout, in adult 1.7 times in snout, which is pointedly convex, not prominent before mouth, has five pores on top and the free border on each side with a shallow emargination. Mouth terminal, oblique, the jaws nearly equal, the upper extending to hind border of pupil or of eye. Maxillary concealed, its truncate expansion equals diameter of eye. Preopercle distantly denticulate, opercle with two weak spines, post temporal finely and distantly ciliated. Posterior nostril round, close to eye, twice larger than valvulate anterior. Teeth in inter maxillaries in an inner narrow villi form series and an outer row of distant enlarged conical ones, in mandibles in an inner series of close-set conical ones and an outer single, incomplete villi form series, no canine-like teeth in jaws. Scales on head cycloid, rather large, on canine-like teeth in jaws. Scales on head cycloid, rather large, on opercles in 5-6 rows, on top of head smaller and as otherwise ciliate, lateral line strongly arched to snout middle of soft dorsal, sensory tubes strongly branched. Spinous dorsal deeply incised, third and fourth spine longest, less than half height of body, much higher than rounded soft dorsal, slightly increasing in height to posterior third and the base of which is nearly twice longer than spinous part. Anal obtusely rounded, originating opposite 9th to 10th dorsal ray, second anal spine very long and robust, in adult equal half head and nearly as long as first anal ray, base of anal more than thrice in that of soft dorsal. Both fins are scaly. Pectorals acutely rounded, longer than postocular part of head. Ventrals about 1/3 shorter. Caudal wedge-shaped, more obtusely in young, least height of its peduncle more than thrice in length of head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Holocentrus soldado Lacepede 1802
Corvina miles Cuvier 1829
Sciaena miles Cuvier and Valenciennes 1830
Sciaena argentea Cuvier and Valenciennes 1830
Corvina soldado Cantor 1850
Corvina miles Bleeker 1850
Corvina wolffii Bleeker 1851
Corvina sampitensis Bleeker 1852
Corvina celebica Bleeker 1854
Corvina dorsalis Peters 1855
Corvina dorsalis Peters 1855
Johnius miles Bleeker 1859
Johnius soldado Bleeker 1859
Corvina miles Gunther 1860
Johnius celebicus Bleeker 1860
Johnius miles Bleeker
Johnius wolffii Bleeker
Johnius sampitensis Bleeker
Sciaena miles Jouan 1867
Corvina miles Day 1869
Pseudosciaena miles Bleeker 1877
Sciaena miilleri Steindachner 1879
Sciaena (Corvina) miilleri Klunzinger 1880
Sciaena (Corvina) miles Klunzinger
Corvina argentea Macleay 1883
Umbrina miilleri Macleay 1884
Sciaena miles Day 1878
Corvina miles Macleay
Corvina dorsalis Sauvage 1891
Corvina miles Duncker 1904
Sciaena miles Pellegrin 1905
Sciaena miles Lloyd 1907
Sciaena soldado Ogilby 1918
Sciaena soldado Barnard 1927
Johnius soldado Fowler 1933

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1936)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-10-23

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