Pseudosciaena coibor   (Hamilton)  1822 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 120 cm.

Color: Dark grayish above, silvery with a purplish hue below, diffuse dark oblique lines according rows of scales, head dorsally violet brown, paired fins yellowish, spinous dorsal with blackish upper edge.

Anteriorly elevated, posteriorly compressed, in specimens of about 275 mm length rostro-dorsal profile strongly convex, back rounded tapering to caudal, ventral outline rather straight to caudal, height 3.1, head with rounded opercular border slightly shorter. Longest diameter of eye 5 in head, about 4 in smaller, 7 in full-grown specimens, eye situated in anterior half of head, high up above mouth, about equal to convex inter orbital space and to snout. Snout blunt, its top with three small pores and a somewhat triangular shallow excavation, below which its free border has two emarginated lobes, upper jaw reaching to vertical through hind border of eye, in smaller examples not so far, maxillary nearly totally concealed under suborbital, its distal expansion truncate, broader than half diameter of eye, lower jaw slightly shorter, behind symphysis a rounded knob in a pore, on each side a small slit like pore, outside of which a deep pore in a rather long triangular opening distally closed by a dermal fold. Day described, probably in older examples, a short barbel between the central and lateral pore and a very minute one behind the lateral pore. Opercle with a broad flat non-pungent spine, the hind border membranous, post temporal crenulated, preopercle dentate on angle and on the vertical border, disappearing with age. Posterior nostril obliquely elliptical, the anterior smaller, rounded. Teeth in upper jaw in a moderately broad villi form band, outside a single row of distant conical teeth, in lower jaw a single series of close set conical teeth, outside of them a single series of much smaller teeth, getting more numerous posteriorly. Scales small and cycloid on head, along base o soft dorsal, anal and on caudal, larger and finely ciliated on body, largest on flanks and belly, above lateral line to opposite anal in oblique rows, below lateral line anteriorly also oblique becoming horizontal beyond base of anal, lateral line arched to opposite anal, thence straight and continued on caudal, the tubes branched. Spinous dorsal deeply incised, its base more than half length of soft dorsal, first spine minute, second about two-third of the third which is the longest, equal snout and eye, the sequent gradatim shorter, anterior dorsal rays about height of second spine, posteriorly decreasing. First anal spine minute, second rather strong, not much shorter than first ray, origin of anal opposite 12th dorsal ray, its base about five times in the of soft dorsal. Pectorals acute, equal head without snout, ventrals somewhat longer than half length of head, first ray fili-form. Caudal rounded in young, cuneate with age, least height of its peduncle somewhat longer than diameter of eye.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Bola coibor Hamilton-Buchanan 1822
Corvina albida Cuvier and Valenciennes 1830
Corvina anei Cuvier and Valenciennes
Corvina albida Valenciennes 1834
Johnius anei Blyth 1860
Corvina albida Gunther 1860
Pseudosciaena albida Bleeker 1863
Corvina albida Bleeker 1872
Corvina albida Day 1865
Corvina neilli Day
Sciaena albida Day 1888
Corvina albida Macleay 1881
Sciaena albida Zugmayer 1913
Sciaena albida Ogilby 1918
Sciaena coibor Chaudhuri 1923
Sciaena albida Pillay 1929
Sciaena albida Hardenberg 1931
Johnius coibor Fowler 1933
Johnius coibor Hardenberg 1934

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1936)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1936)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-10-23

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