Gymnothorax petelli   (Bleeker,  1856) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 55-384 mm

Color: Ground color yellowish in juveniles, pale brownish in adults, with 17-21 dark brown cross bands; bands as wide as interspaces in juveniles, broader than interspaces in adults, first band through eye not reaching lower jaw, the second band from origin of dorsal fin, the third band from dorsal through gill opening or just behind it, some of the bands before vent not meeting ventrally, black rings not extending to edges of fins posteriorly; pale interstices on fins often with brownish areas; a dark brown spot at corner of mouth.

Head 8.0-9.2, depth of body 14.8-18.7, both in total length. Tail equal to or nearly 3/5 head longer than head and trunk. Head 2.4-3.0 in trunk. Eye diameter 8.6-10.0 in head, 1.5-1.8 in snout and 1.0-1.2 in interorbital space. Cleft of mouth 2.1-2.5 in head. Anterior nostrils tubular, on each side of tip of snout; posterior nostril with slightly raised rim, above anterior edge of eye. Premaxillary with a single series of small teeth and 2-3 large median depressible fangs; maxillary with a series of conical compressed teeth and often with an inner series of 2-3 long teeth anteriorly; mandible with a single series of teeth, those near symphysis longer than others; vomer with a series of 3-4 conical teeth. Dorsal fin origin before a level from the gill openings.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Muraena petelli Bleeker, 1856
Gymnothorax petelli Jones and Kumaran, 1965
Lycodontis petelli Smith, 1962
Muraena (Gymnothorax) petelli Weber and de Beaufort, 1916

Common Name (s)
• Galiveng
• Varian Malanhi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-04-15

Back to Search