Gymnothorax ruppelli   (McClelland,  1844) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 125-143 mm

Color: Yellowish white with 16-20 black rings, completely encircling head, body and fins, rings much narrower than ground color; first ring across eye, the second behind corner of mouth and the third just across or just in front of gill openings, black rings extend to edges of dorsal and anal.

Head 8.0-8.5, depth of body about 18.0-19.5, both in total length. Tail about ¾ head length longer than head and trunk. Head 2.5-2.6 in trunk. Eye diameter 8.5-9.5 in head, about 1.5 in snout and equal to interorbital space. Cleft of mouth 2.7-2.8 in head. Dorsal fin origin anterior to a level from the gill openings. Anterior nostrils tubular, on each side of tip of snout; posterior nostrils above anterior border of eye, with slightly raised rim. Premaxillary with a single series of teeth, two median depressible fangs; maxillary with a single series of conical compressed teeth and two inner teeth anteriorly; mandible with a single series of teeth. Vomer with a row of 8 small teeth.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Dalophis rupelliae McClelland, 1845
Gymnothorax ruppelli Munro, 1955
Lycodontis ruppelli Smith, 1962
Muraena ruppelli Day, 1878
Muraena (Gymnothorax) ruppelli Weber and de Beaufort, 1916

Common Name (s)
• Galiveng
Economic Importance and Threats



• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-04-07

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