Gymnothorax fimbriatus   (Bennett,  1832) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Anguilliformes
Family:Muraenidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Max length: 80.0 cm TL (male/unsexed).

Color: Pale yellowish with a few small black spots on head; trunk and tail with irregular rows of black spots not larger than eye; black bars on fins extend obliquely backward and outward; tip of snout and tip of lower jaw brownish; dorsal and anal often with a light border.

Head 7.2-8.0, depth of body 16.8-19.6, both in total length. Tail longer than head and trunk by about half length of head. Eye diameter 8.2-9.5 in head, 1.6-1.8 in snout and 1.0-1.3 in interorbital space. Anterior nostrils tubular on either side of tip of snout, posterior nostrils over front edge of eye with slightly raised rim. Premaxillaries with a single series of teeth, those near symphysis larger than those of the maxillaries and with a median series of 2 or 3 fang like teeth, teeth on maxillaries in a single series; teeth on mandible in a single series, those near symphysis larger than others; teeth on vomer in a single irregular series. Dorsal fin origin nearer to gill opening than to rictus.
Feeds on fishes and crustaceans.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Muraena fimbriata Bennett, 1831
Gymnothorax fimbriatus Munro, 1955
Muraena (Gymnothorax) undulata Weber and de Beaufort, 1916
Lycodontis undulatus (non Lacepede, 1803)
(Misapplied name)
Muraena bullata Richardson, 1848
(Junior synonym)
Muraena fimbriata Bennett, 1832
(Senior synonym)
Muraena reevesii (non Richardson, 1845)
(Misapplied name)
Thyrsoidea bullata (Richardson, 1848)
(Junior synonym)
Gymnothorax fimbriata (Bennett, 1832)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Fimbriated Moray (English)
• Veng (Mahl)
• Malanhi (Malayalam)
• Dark-spotted Moray
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes and crustaceans

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Diglipur INDIA (Record: 19/04/1990)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2009/March/o198526iii09166-169.pdf
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1993) Further new records of fishes from Bay Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 9(1&2) 50-57 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-13

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