Pseudosciaena axillaris   (Cuvier,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 26.5 cm.

Color: Brownish to grayish above, whitish below with silvery hue, spinous dorsal dusky towards margin, getting blackish, as also in adult, the margin of the soft dorsal and the terminal part of the caudal, the dark color of the pectoral axilla extends considerably above base of pectoral.

Compressed, oblong, dorsal profile from snout to caudal peduncle arched, ventral profile to anal nearly straight, height about equal head, 3-7 in length. Eye situated in anterior half of head, far above horizontal through commencement of gape of mouth, 4-5 in head, about 1.3 in rather flat inter orbital space and about 1.6 in convex snout, the free border of which has mesially a slightly prominent lobe. Mouth oblique, terminal, upper jaw slightly longest, reaching middle of eye or somewhat further, more, than twice in head, maxillary concealed, its distal expansion truncated, shorter than diameter of eye, mandibular with a symphysial knob and below it a median pore with two slit like pores on either side. No pores on top of snout. Preopercle crenulate, opercle with two non-pungent flat spines, post temporals denticulate to entire. Inter maxillaries with an outer anterior row of a few distant enlarged teeth, inside of them a narrow villi form band, wanting anteriorly, in mandibularies a single continuous row of enlarged teeth. Scales rather large, on cheek, sub orbitals and opercles cycloid, otherwise ciliate, dense on base of soft dorsal, forming a sheath for anal, lateral line not highly arched to opposite anal, with branched sensory tubes, anteriorly fan-shaped, posteriorly bi- to trifid, above its arched part the scales run obliquely upwards, below it at an angle with the lateral line, they run parallel with the straight portion of the line. Dorsal deeply notched, base of spinous portion somewhat less than half length of that of soft, spines rather slender, the third and fourth the highest, somewhat less than length of snout and eye, much higher than dorsal rays. Base of anal four times in that of soft dorsal, originating opposite about below 13th to 14th dorsal ray, second spine rather stout, longer than eye diameter, 1/4 lower than first ray. Pectorals somewhat longer than head without snout, ventrals pointed, nearly equal post orbital part of head, the first ray filamentous. Caudal cuneate to rounded, least height of its peduncle equal eye in young, in adult somewhat less than twice diameter of eye.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Corvina axillaris Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Corvina axillaris Valenciennes, 1834
Corvina axillaris Bleeker, 1853
Corvina axillaris Gunther, 1860
Corvina axillaris Sauvage, 1881
Corvina axillaris De Vis, 1884
Sciaena axillaris Day, 1888
Sciaena axillaris Rutter, 1807
Corvina papuensis Hase, 1914
Bola axillaris Jordan and Starks, 1917
Sciaena axillaris Hora, 1923
Johnius papuensis Fowler, 1928
Pseudosciaena axillaris Herre, 1931
Johnius axillaris Fowler, 1933

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal


• INDIA (Record: 1936)
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao. TA (1976) Relative abundance of sciaenids along Andhra-Orissa coast Indian Journal of Fisheries 23 (1&2) 201-212 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-29

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