Pseudosciaena aneus   (Bloch,  1793) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Sciaenidae

Description
Size: 22.5 cm.

Color: Brownish to grayish above, sides and lower surface lighter to silvery fins hyaline, spinous dorsal and caudal usually dark dotted, the rows of scales above lateral line may show more or less distinct, narrow black lines.

Compressed, dorsal profile somewhat convex from snout to caudal peduncle with a slight concavity above eyes, ventral profile less convex. Height 3.3, head 3 in length. Eye situated in anterior half of head, its lower margin below horizontal through commencement of gape of mouth, about 4.1 in head, slightly shorter than flatly convex inter orbital space. Snout in adult nearly equal eye, pointedly convex, with a median pore, not prominent, its free border entire with an indication of an incision on each side, on each side, not overhanging. Nostrils oval, the posterior larger, close to eye. Mouth terminal, oblique, wide, upper jaw about equal half head, in adult reaching hind-border of pupil, maxillary concealed except lower half of its truncate to excavate expansion which is broader than half eye diameter. Lower jaw sub equal upper or slightly longer, with at least two mental pores. Teeth in a narrow inner villi form band inter maxillaries and an outer series of enlarged distant, curved conical ones, the two anterior caninoid, in mandibularies an outer villi form series, inside a row of distant, unequal conical ones, less enlarged than the upper. Scales on sub orbitals, cheeks and opercles cycloid, otherwise in majority ciliate, on nape and predorsal smaller, on trunk and tail larger, lateral line arched, concurrent with back to opposite anal, the sensory tubes anteriorly fan-shaped, posteriorly bifid. Preopercle slightly denticulate, opercle with two flat weak spines, post temporal fimbriate. Spinous dorsal deeply incised, its base little more than half base of soft dorsal, third spine highest, about twice height of body or 2 1/2 times in length of head, second and fourth spine slightly and somewhat less than thrice in length of head, they are slender, terminating in a filament and much higher than rays. Dorsal and anal rounded, the base of the latter nearly 4 times in that of soft dorsal, origin of anal opposite 12th to 14th dorsal ray, second anal spine rather weak, nearly equal eye diameter. Pectorals about as long as head without snout, ventrals somewhat longer than postocular part of head, first ray with short filament. Caudal rounded inferiorly, emarginate superiorly with pointed upper corner, least height of caudal peduncle somewhat longer than eye. Brownish to grayish above, sides and lower surface lighter to silvery, fins hyaline, spinous dorsal and caudal usually darkly dotted, the rows of scales above lateral line may show more or less distinct, narrow black lines.


Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Johnius aneus Bloch, 1793
Johnius aneus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus aneus Lacepede, 1802
Corvina anei Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Otolithus macrophthalmus Bleeker, 1850
Sciena macrophthalmus Gunther, 1860
Johnieops vogleri Blyth, 1861
Otolithus aneus Day, 1867
Corvina macrophthalmus Bleeker, 1868
Otolithus leuciscus Gunther, 1872
Pseudosciaena macrophthalmus Bleeker, 1874
Pseudosciaena aneus Bleeker, 1877
Sciaena aneus Day, 1888
Pseudosciaena anea Jordan and Seale, 1907
Sciaena aneus Lloyd, 1907
Pseudosciaena anea Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Pseudosciaena anea Seale, 1910
Pseudosciaena anaeus Bean and Weed, 1912
Argyrosomus aneus Fowler, 1918
Johnius aneus Herre, 1931
Otolithus aneus Fowler, 1932
Johnius aneus Fowler, 1933
Johnius aneus Hardenberg, 1934

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• INDIA (Record: 1936)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1936)
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao. TA (1976) Relative abundance of sciaenids along Andhra-Orissa coast Indian Journal of Fisheries 23 (1&2) 201-212 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1027/

Page last updated on:2011-06-29

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