Cyprinus carpio   Linnaeus,  1758 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Cypriniformes
Family:Cyprinidae

Image copyrights: Konrad Schmidt

"Mirror" form of common carp

Description
Size: 85-165 mm

Color: Olivaceous, back darker, sides silvery or golden. Fins yellowish or golden.

Head 3.0-3.5 in standard length, 3.8-4.4 in total length. Depth of body 2.8-3.2 in standard length, 3.5-4.0 in total length. Eye diameter 5.0-5.3 in head, 1.5-1.6 in snout and about twice in interorbital space. Mouth terminal with four barbels. Dorsal fin long, last simple ray ossified and serrated behind. Anal fin origin below hind half of dorsal fin, its last simple ray ossified and serrated behind. Lateral line complete. Pectoral fin slightly shorter than head without snout.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: III, 17-19; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 5; number of rays in the pectoral fin: I, 15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 8-9; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 35-38; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 5+1+7.

A polytypic plastic species with a marked tendency to produce `varieties' and `races' in response to selective breeding and environmental influences. Carp is polygamous. A spawning female is usually followed by several males. Under tropical conditions carp breeds throughout the year. It is a seasonal spawner in temperate waters. Females are known to lay more than a million eggs in a season; breeds at a temperature range of 15° C to 20°C; eggs hatch in 4 days.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758
Cyprinus carpio var. gibbosus Kessler, 1856
Carpio carpio gibbosus (Kessler, 1856)
Carpio flavipinna Valenciennes, 1842
Carpio vulgaris Rapp, 1854
Cyprinus acuminatus Heckel & Kner, 1858
Cyprinus acuminatus Richardson, 1846
Cyprinus angulatus Heckel, 1843
Cyprinus atrovirens Richardson, 1846
Cyprinus bithynicus Richardson, 1857
Cyprinus carpio anatolicus Hanko, 1924
Cyprinus carpio aralensis Spiczakow, 1935
Cyprinus carpio brevicirri Misik, 1958
Cyprinus carpio elongatus Walecki, 1863
Cyprinus carpio fluviatilis Pravdin, 1945
Cyprinus carpio longicirri Misik, 1958
Cyprinus carpio monstrosus Walecki, 1863
Cyprinus carpio oblongus Antipa, 1909
Cyprinus chinensis Basilewsky, 1855
Cyprinus conirostris Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
Cyprinus festetitsii Bonaparte, 1845
Cyprinus flamm Richardson, 1846
Cyprinus fossicola Richardson, 1846
Cyprinus haematopterus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
Cyprinus melanotus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
Cyprinus nordmannii Valenciennes, 1842
Cyprinus sculponeatus Richardson, 1846
Cyprinus thermalis Heckel, 1843
Cyprinus tossicole Elera, 1895
Cyprinus vittatus Valenciennes, 1842

Common Name (s)
• Carp (English)
• Common Carp (English)
• European Carp (English)
• German Carp (English)
• Koi (English)
• Koi Carp (English)
• Leather Carp (English)
• Mirror Carp (English)
• Scale Carp (English)
• Wild Carp (English)
• Puklaobi
• Gold Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Used as a food fish.
They constantly stir up the substrate in their feeding habits. This can greatly increase the turbidity of the water. This makes waterways unattractive, reduces the abundance of aquatic plants, and can render the water unsuitable for swimming or drinking even by livestock.)
Cultured:  Yes

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 1980)
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA
• Kerala, Periyar INDIA (Record: 2001-2003)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Global invasive species database Available at - http://www.issg.org/database
  • Kosygin, L; Devi, LS; Dhamendra, H (2010) Fish and Fisheries of Iril river, Manipur, with a note on conservation strategies for threatened species Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 85-92 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurup, BM; Kumar, TGM and Radhakrishnan, KV (2006) Fish and fisheries of Periyar Lake, Kerala Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kochi, India 53(2) 153-166 Available at - http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IJF/article/download/6966/2691

Page last updated on:2012-03-15

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