Gerres macracanthus   Bleeker,  1854 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Gerreidae

Image copyrights: The Fish Database of Taiwan

Description
Size: Max length 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Body silvery, with 5 to 10 brown diffuse vertical bars on flanks. Fins hyaline with yellowish tinge.

Body oblong, moderately compressed and deep, its depth 2.3 to 2.4 times in standard length. Predorsal distance distinctly greater than body depth. Mouth small, highly protrusible; fine teeth in jaws. Dorsal fin with 9 spines and 10 soft rays, the second spine greatly prolonged into a filament, longer than head. Anal fin with 3 spines and 7 soft rays. Head and body completely covered with scales which are firmly attached; lateral line with 42 to 44 scales.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Gerres punctatus Cuvier, 1830
Gerres macracanthus Bleeker, 1854
Diapterus macracanthus (Bleeker, 1854)
(Senior synonym)
Gerres filamentosus (non Cuvier, 1829)
(Misapplied name)
Gerres macracanthus Bleeker, 1854
(Senior synonym)
Xystaema macracantha (Bleeker, 1854)
(Senior synonym)
Xystaema macracanthum (Bleeker, 1854)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Big-eyed Mojarra (English)
• Long Rayed Mojarra (English)
• Oodan (Tamil)
• Charbat (Marathi)
• Bigeyed Mojarra
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Polychaetes, prawns, copepods, amhipods, bivalves, crabs, echuiroides, diatoms

Biogeography


• Palk Bay INDIA (Record: 1970-1972)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1970-1972)
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Badrudeen, M and Pillai, PKM (1996) Food and feeding habits of the big-eyed Mojarra, Gerres macracanthus bleeker of the Palk Bay and the Gulf of Mannar Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 38(1&2) 58-62 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-02

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