Otolithes argenteus [Status Unaccepted]   (Cuvier,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 50 cm.

Color: Silvery, darker along back, a dark blotch on opercle, fins yellowish, border of dorsal dusky.

Elongate, rather slender, height 4-4.5, head bluntly pointed, its profile slightly ascending, somewhat more or less than 3.5 in length. Eye 4-5 in head, 1.4 in snout and somewhat more or less than 3.5in length. Eye 4-5 in head, 1.4 in snout and somewhat less than almost flat inter orbital space. Snout about 3.5 in head, without pores. Posterior nostril oval, close to eye, the approximate anterior nostril rounded, smaller. Mouth oblique, upper jaw reaching middle of pupil, maxillary with the upper border concealed below suborbital, hind border free, round, lower jaw prominent. Preoperculum almost entire, operculum with two non-pungent spines. Teeth in upper jaw in a villiform band, broadening posteriorly, anteriorly continued in a single short row of minute teeth, outside of them a complete single series of close-set conical teeth, on each side near symphysis one or two strong, curved long canines, the outer the longest, in mandible on each side a strong curved symphysial canine, both playing between the two upper ones, behind them a single series of close-set conical ones, inside of them a few smaller ones. Scales in adult cycloid in young ciliate, on head, before ventrals and on lower half of tail, also in adult, more or less ciliate. Spinous dorsal about half length of soft, the spines increasing in length to third and fourth, which equal about half height of body and are about one third higher than the rays. Base of anal nearly one fifth of that of soft dorsal, its origin opposite about 12th dorsal ray, its spines slender, weak, the second almost thrice in head. Caudal cuneiform, in young lanceolate, least height of its short peduncle somewhat longer than diameter of eye.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Otolithus argenteus Bleeker, 1845
Otolithus argenteus Richardson, 1846
Otolithus argenteus Bleeker, 1850
Otolithus argenteus Cantor, 1850
Otolithus argenteus Ruppell, 1852
Otolithus argenteus Peters, 1855
Otolithus argenteus Gunther, 1860
Otolithus argenteus Kner, 1865
Otolithus argenteus Playfair, 1866
Otolithus argenteus Bleeker, 1877
Otolithus argenteus Martens, 1876
Otolithus argenteus Day, 1889
Otolithus argenteus Sauvage, 1891
Otolithus argenteus Duncker, 1904
Otolithus argenteus Fowler, 1904
Otolithus argenteus Pellegrin, 1905
Otolithus argenteus Evermann and Seale, 1906
Otolithus orientalis Seale, 1910
Otolithus argenteus Bean and Weed, 1912
Otolithus argenteus Zugmayer, 1913
Otolithes argenteus Jordan and Starks, 1917
Otolithus argenteus Ogilby, 1918
Otolithus argenteus Pillay, 1929
Otolithes argenteus Herre, 1931
Otolithes argenteus Fowler, 1933
Otolithus argenteus Linnaeus, 1935

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Prey:  Penaeid prawns such as Parapenceopsis stylifera and Metapenaus dobs and fish, polychaetes


• Tamil Nadu, Ennore INDIA
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Venkataraman, G (1960) Studies on the food and feeding relationships of the inshore fishes off Calicut on the Malabar coast Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 7 (2) 275-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1898/1/Article_03.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-18

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