Abalistes stellatus   (Lacepede,  1798) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Khan, MM

Size: Maximum: 60 cm; common to 40 cm

Color: Grey dashed with olive-green; 3 large white blotches on back, disappearing in large specimens; numerous small blue spots on body and 3 or 4 yellow lines from mouth to pectoral fin base; soft dorsal and anal fins with yellow, slightly oblique stripes; pectoral fins yellow.

Body deep and laterally compressed, with the large rectilinear scale plates of the thick skin forming regular rows, and the scales of the cheek in an even, relatively complete covering. Scales enlarged above the pectoral fin base and just behind the gill slit to form a flexible tympanum; scales of posterior body with prominent keels, forming longitudinal ridges. A prominent groove in the skin extending anteriorly from front of eye for a distance of about 1 eye diameter. Mouth terminal; teeth pointed, the central pair in each jaw largest. Three prominent dorsal fin spines, the first capable of being locked erect by the second; caudal fin rays of adults prolonged above and below. Caudal peduncle depressed (width greater than depth).

Synonym (s)
Balistes stellatus (Lacepede, 1798)
(Senior Synonym)
Abalistes stellaris (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Common Name (s)
• Starry Triggerfish (English)
• Starry File -fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh and dried salted.)

Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Sandy
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic animals


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-05

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