Pomadasys olivaceus   (Day,  1875) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Haemulidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: Max length 55.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Oliver-grey, the head glossed with purple, a large black blotch bordered in front with yellow at the upper angle of the operculum. Pectorals yellow, as also the basal half of the ventrals, the distal half black with a white edge. Other fins stained with blackish and having fine deep brown dots.

Body oblong and compressed. Height 3-3 1/3, head 3 3/4-4 in total length. Eye 3 1/2-4, equal to snout and 1 1/4 in inter orbital space. Teeth in villiform bands in jaws, the outer row slightly enlarged, no canines. Dorsal fin with 12 spines and 15 to 17 soft rays; fourth dorsal spine the highest. Pectorals nearly as long as head. Anal fin with 3 spines and 11 or 12 soft rays; second anal spine strongest and nearly as long as the third. Caudal fin emarginate. Scales moderate, ctenoid.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Pristipoma olivaceum Day, 1888
Pomadasys violaceus Steindachner, 1902
Pristipoma olivaceum Pellegrin, 1914
Pomadasys olivaceus Fowler, 1931
Pristipoma olivaceus Borodin, 1932
Pristipoma olivaceum Day, 1875

Common Name (s)
• Olive Grunter (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, bait)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Plants, mollusks, sponges/tunicates
Predator:  Fishes (Elops machnata, Lichia amia), sharks (Carcharhinus brachyurus, Carcharhinus obscurus, Triakis megalopterus)

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• SRI LANKA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-04-13

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