Murex carbonnieri   (Jousseaume,  1881) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Size: Length 35.90-99.25 mm; diameter 19.94-62.10 mm; length of aperture 11.90-20.70 mm; length of spire 11.98-26.40 mm; length of the canal 15.05-56.80 mm.

Color: Shell creamy white to light brown, spiral cords with elongated brown spots between lighter nodes; aperture smooth, white, marked with brown spots on notches. Operculum reddish brown with subterminal nucleus.

Shell club shaped. Protoconch whorls 2½ sides rounded, smooth, suture deep, spire elevated, acute consisting of 7-9 whorls, whorls subangulate. Suture simple, crossed by growth lamellae; aperture ovate, outer margin lip crenulate, lower part with small labial tooth, inner lip partly adherent on posterior, erect, detached on anterior part. Siphonal canal tubular, straight, terminally recurved, narrowly open; body whorl large, preceding two whorls along with body whorl with 3 prominent varices, varices provided with long spines, shoulder spine longest, open straight curved terminally. Sculpture consists of spiral cords of which three prominent, followed by secondary, in between with fine tertiary cords, both primary and secondary cords provided with spines on the varices, except for the shoulder spine, rest are short, straight. Siphonal canal with cords, provided with straight spines up to 2/3 of its length, gradually decrease in its length.

Synonym (s)
Acupurpura carbonnieri Jousseaume, 1881
Murex maculatus Verrill, 1950
Acupurpura carbonnieri Jousseaume, 1881
Murex tribulus Melvill and Standen, 1898
Murex tribulus Crichton, 1941
Murex tribulus Radwin and D'Attilio, 1976
Murex (Murex) carbonnieri Vokes, 1978
Murex carbonnieri Ponder and Vokes, 1978
Murex tribulus Surya Rao and Subba Rao, 1991

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Gujarat, Sikka INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Veraval INDIA
• Lakshadweep Sea INDIA
• West Coast, Malabar INDIA
• Kerala, Ashtamudi Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tharangambadi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Uppada INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Orissa, Chhatrapur INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Bimlipatam INDIA
• Orissa, Chandrabhaga INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Off Karachi PAKISTAN
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Mandvi INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Maharashtra, Bassein INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA
• Orissa, Konark INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Surya Rao, KV (1993) Contribution to the knowledge of Indian marine molluscs: Pt. 3. Family: Muricidae Occasional paper no 153 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-07-09

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