Avrainvillea erecta   (Berkeley) A. Gepp & E. S. Gepp,  1911 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Chlorophyta
Class: Bryopsidophyceae
Order:Bryopsidales
Family:Udoteaceae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Color: Brown

Thallus form and type: Frondose or brush-like

Substratum: Muddy sand

Occurrence: Infra littoral zone

Season: November-April

Plant solitary, with a flexuous, stout, cylindrical stalk, buried under mud in sea-floor. Stalk up to 20 cm long or more, 2 cm thick, composed of dichotomously branched filaments united to form the loose cylindrical basal stalk and anchored by colorless rhizoids. Frond above the cylindrical stalk formed by the threads spread out and interwoven to form a leaf like flabellate expansions of the fronds, shortly stipitate or sub-sessile, brown, upto 6 cm or more wide, 8 cm or more high, reniform to subcuneate, thick, very obsurely zonate. Margin entire to fibrilose-fimbriate. Filaments of fronds 27 - 42 µ to 30-60 µ wide very variable in width, cylindrical, non-torulose.


Synonym (s)
Dichonema erectum Berkeley, 1842
Udotea sordida Montagne, 1844
Chloroplegma papuanum Zanardini, 1878
Avrainvillea papuana (Zanardini) G. Murray & Boodle, 1889
Rhipilia andersonii G. Murray, 1886

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Food, animal feed and agriculture)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal
IUCN Status:  Data Deficient

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Mergui Archipelago MYANMAR
• INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• MAURITIUS
• MOZAMBIQUE
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• TANZANIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island, Galaxea Reef INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.26) (Long: 79.2) INDIA (Record: 02/1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 12/1958-05/1959) (Depth: 12-17 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Goa, Dona Paula INDIA
• Goa, Cabo de Rama INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) Seaweeds of the Central West Coast of India Bioinformatics Centre, National Institute of Oceanography Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/seaweeds/index.htm
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, V and Jayagopal, K (1995) Calcareous algae of the Galaxea Reef, Krusadi Island, Tamil Nadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 17(1-2) 117-121 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Shanmugam, M; Mody, KH; Ramavat, BK; Murthy, ASK and Siddhanta, AK (2002) Screening of codiacean algae (chlorophyta) of the Indian coasts for blood anticoagulant activity Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 31(1) 33-38 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/4300/1/IJMS%2031%281%29%2033-38.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Varma, RP (1960) Flora of the pearl beds off Tuticorin Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 2 (2) 221-225 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1405/1/Prasanna_221-225.pdf
  • Srinivasan, KS (1969) Phycologia Indica: Icones of Indian marine algae Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta 1 52 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR (1987) Distribution of the important Indian marine algae Seaweed research and utilization in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 41 100-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8209/1/Bulletin_No_41.pdf
  • Srivastava, MN and Mehrotra, BN (1990) Algal status of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 145-149 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO
  • Dhargalkar VK (2008) Marine biodiversity: A comprehensive catalogue of seaweeds of the central west coast of India M/s Morson Graphics 1-147pp Available at - Nio, Goa

Page last updated on:2013-01-04

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