Thryssa setirostris   (Broussonet,  1782) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Maximum 18 cm; common 13 to 15 cm.

Color: Back blue/green or brown, flanks silvery. Head with gold tints; anal and caudal fins deep yellow with dusky margins; dark spot behind gills.

Body is compressed and fusiform with a keel shaped abdomen having 16 to 18 pre-pelvic and 9 or 10 post-pelvic scutes. Tip of snout at level of eye centre; snout is bluntly rounded. Maxilla is very long and extends beyond the tip of pectoral fin, often to anal fin origin. Lower jaw is slender and rises steeply in mouth (i.e. with ascending coronoid process). Dorsal fin has 10 to 12 branched rays. A small sharp spine is present before dorsal fin. Anal fin moderately long and has 29 to 36 branched rays. 10 to 12 gillrakers are present on lower arm of 1st arch.

Synonym (s)
Clupea mystacina Forster, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Clupea setirostris Broussonet, 1782
(Senior synonym)
Engraulis setirostris (Broussonet, 1782)
(Senior synonym)
Scutengraulis setirostris (Broussonet, 1782)
(Senior synonym)
Thrissa setirostris (Broussonet, 1782)
(Senior synonym)
Thrissocles setirostris (Broussonet, 1782)
(Senior synonym)
Thryssa macrognathos Bleeker, 1849
(Junior synonym)
Engraulis setirostris Day, 1878
Thryssa setirostris Whitehead, 1973
Thrissocles setirostris Misra, 1976
Thrissocles setirostris Fowler, 1941
Clupea seticornis Broussonet, 1782

Common Name (s)
• Phasi
• Anchovy (English)
• Orangemouth Thryssa (English)
• Manangu (Kannada)
• Cheru Manangu (Malayalam)
• Chiru Mangu (Malayalam)
• Chirumanangoo (Malayalam)
• Kava Chella (Malayalam)
• Kava Pala (Malayalam)
• Manangu (Malayalam)
• Mullanmanangu (Malayalam)
• Nedumanangu (Malayalam)
• Longjaw Thryssa (English)
• Thaadi Poruva (Tamil)
• Engallu (Telugu)
• Poravalu (Telugu)
• Yeka Poorawah (Telugu)
• Dandetar (Marathi)
• Long-jaw anchovy (English)
• Kola
• Poruva
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, used as bait in the tuna fishery)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Demersal
Prey:  Crustaceans (zoea larvae, amphipods, Acetes)


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at -
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-05

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