Anoxypristis cuspidata   (Latham,  1794) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: FishBase

Max. Size: 300 cm - 470 cm TL

Color: Greyish above, pale below; fins are usually pale.

Body is shark-like, pectoral fins distinct; head flattened, with a blade-like snout bearing 18-22 pairs of lateral teeth. Blade is slender, not tapering distally. Nostrils are very narrow with small nasal flaps. Rostral teeth short, flattened, broadly triangular, lacking a groove along posterior margins; no teeth on basal quarter of blade. Adults with widely spaced denticles, young with naked skin.

Synonym (s)
Anoxypristis cuspidatus (Latham, 1794)
(Senior Synonym)
Squalus semisagittatus Shaw, 1804
(Junior Synonym)
Anoxypristis cuspidatus (Latham, 1794)
Pristis cuspidata Latham, 1794

Common Name (s)
• Shinesi (Telugu)
• Hachutti Meenu (Telugu)
• Yahla (Telugu)
• Vela (Tamil)
• Iluppa (Tamil)
• Win (Marathi)
• Shinavale (Marathi)
• Nali (Marathi)
• Velli Sravi (Malayalam)
• Vala Sravu (Malayalam)
• Makarasravu (Malayalam)
• Makara Sravu (Malayalam)
• Naithatte (Kannada)
• Chakku Thatte (Kannada)
• Billi Sovulu (Kannada)
• Veher (Gujarati)
• Chhurio (Gujarati)
• Saw Fish (English)
• Pointed Sawfish (English)
• Knife-Tooth Sawfish (English)
• Churia (Gujarati)
• Himsi (Kannada)
• Ulava (Telugu)
• Komban sravu (Malayalam)
• Velameen (Tamil)
• Vezha Meen (Tamil)
• Khanda Magar (Oriya)
• Korat Mach (Bengali)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish; skin of this species is used for sword scabbard or smoothing down wood; rostrum for decoration; offal for fish meal.

Generally harmless but its saw-like snout may cause serious injury when caught. It is known thrash violently and vigorously.)

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Nekton- Mainly fish
IUCN Status:  Critically Endangered


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Red Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Tike, MJ; Samant, JS; Mohite, SA (2009) Diversity status of minor fish and shellfish along Malvan coast, Maharshtra Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology, India 24(2) 441-448 Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-02-01

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