Lutjanus johni   (Bloch,  1792) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Fish base

Size: 91.3-97 cm.

Weight: 10.5 kg

Color: In preserved specimens brownish above, silvery below, each scale of body with a brown spot, forming longitudinal dark bands. A large oval black blotch, for the greater part above lateral line, below end of spinous dorsal. In young specimens it is surrounded by a silvery ring, forming an ocellus. In some preserved specimens this black blotch is wanting. Membrane between soft rays darkish above scaly sheath, other fins light brown or yellowish.

Height 2.4-2.8, 3.1-3.5 in length with caudal. Head 2.5-2.7, 3.2-3.3 in length with caudal. Eye 4.7-4.8, 1.7-1.8 in snout. Interorbital space somewhat less than eye. Maxillary reaching slightly farther back than vertical through front border of eye. Narrow bands of small teeth in jaws, with an outer row of caninoid ones, some of which in the upper jaw are still larger and moderate canines. Teeth on vomer small, in band forming a ^ or almost in a triangular patch. Narrow bands of small teeth on palatines. Anterior part of head naked. Scales beginning above middle or posterior part of eye, the temporal region scaly. Preoperculum with 7 transverse rows of scales, its limb scaleless, its hind and lower border rather strongly denticulated, less so in large specimens. Preopercular notch very shallow. The longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line parallel to it, those below parallel to axis of body. About 48-50 transverse rows of scales above and about 45 below lateral line. Soft parts of vertical fins with a scaly sheath. First dorsal spine about half length of second, which is two thirds of third spine. Third spine slightly less than fourth and fifth spines, which are longest and equal to postorbital part of head. The following spines gently decrease in length. Soft dorsal rounded, the longest rays slightly less than longest spines. First anal spine than half length of second, which is longer and stronger than and equal to postorbital part of head. Soft anal rounded, higher than spinous part. Pectorals longer, ventrals shorter than head without snout. Ventral spine as long as snout. Caudal truncate.

Breeds in late summer season in sea.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Anthias johni Bloch, 1792
Sparus tranquibaricus Shaw, 1803
Coius calus Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
Mesoprion unimaculatus Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Mesoprion unimaculatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Serranus pavoninus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Mesoprion yapilli Richardson, 1842
Diacope xanthozona Bleeker, 1845
Mesoprion unimaculatus Bleeker, 1849
Mesoprion Johni Cantor, 1850
Mesoprion johni Gunther, 1859
Mesoprion johni Kner, 1807
Mesoprion unimaculatus Jouan, 1866
Mesoprion johnii Gunther, 1875
Mesoprion johnii Day, 1888
Lutjanus johnii Bleeker, 1877
Mesoprion johnii Macleay, 1881
Lutjanus (Benettia) johnii Fowler, 1904
Lutjanus johnii Evermann and Seale, 1906
Lutjanus johnii Chaudhuri, 1923
Lutjanus johni Hora, 1924
Lutjanus johni Barnard, 1927
Lutjanus johnii Fowler, 1931
Lutjanus johnii Chevey, 1932
Lutianus johnii Day, 1875
Lutianus yapilli (Cuvier) : Day, 1875
Lutjanus johnii Day, 1889
Lutjanus yapilli Day, 1889

Common Name (s)
• Soosta
• John's Snapper (English)
• Rangu (Telugu)
• Parithi (Tamil)
• Chembolay (Malayalam)
• Chavri Tamb (Marathi)
• Tamb (Gujarati)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Rocky, Sandy, Coastal


• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gajbhiye, SN; Mehta, P; Mustafa, S and Nair, VR (1995) A case study on the impact of industrial effluents disposal on the fisheries of Amba river estuary, Maharastra Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 25-38 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Tike, MJ; Samant, JS; Mohite, SA (2009) Diversity status of minor fish and shellfish along Malvan coast, Maharshtra Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology, India 24(2) 441-448 Available at -

Page last updated on:2013-04-10

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