Epitonium immaculatum   (G. B. Sowerby II,  1844) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda
Order:[unassigned] Caenogastropoda

Image copyrights: Government of India

Size: Length 13.15 mm; diameter 5.85 mm; height of spire 4.56 mm.

Color: white

Shell small, elongate, whorls continguous, tumid and rounded with deep and crenulated sutures; aperture ovate, peristome thickened, sub umbilicate; sculptured with thin, unequal, irregular axial varices, indistinct spiral striae.

Synonym (s)
Variciscala immaculata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)
Scalaria venusta Fenaux, 1943
Epitonium venustum (Fenaux, 1943)
Amaea immaculata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)
Scalaria immaculata Sowerby, 1844
Epitonium immaculatum Rajagopal and Mookherjee, 1982

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA (Record: 30/11/1984)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Agasthiampalli INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2008)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune

Page last updated on:2012-11-08

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