Polyclinum nudum   Kott,  1992 (Sea Squirt)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Ascidiacea
Order:Aplousobranchia
Family:Polyclinidae

Image copyrights: National Museums Northern Ireland and its licensors

Description
Size: 5 cm long, 4 cm broad, 1 cm thick

Color: Living colonies are beautiful magenta with yellow color around common cloacal apertures. The color is completely changed in preservative to dull grey; brown

Colony is a flat cushion, more or less rectangular. The surface test is naked and there is no embedded sand. Common cloacal apertures protrude from the surface on small elevations. Common cloacal aperture has five small lobes. Zooids in short double rows.

Zooids 6 mm long. Thorax and abdomen together measures 4 mm and the stalked posterior abdomen 2 mm. Branchial siphon long with 6 large pointed lobes. Atrial languet long, extending from upper rim of aperture with an almost always pointed tip and an irregular mesh of muscles. A median dorsal papilla present posterior to the atrail aperture. Fine longitudinal muscles extend into the thorax which gradually thin out. Wide prestigmatal area. Branchial sac transparent with 12-14 rows of 15-16 oval stigmata. Branchial papilla well developed, small, triangular. Dorsal languets tongue shaped. Gut forms the usual horizontal loop. The posterior abdomen is long, club shaped with a long narrow neck. 20-24 male follicles surround a small ovary with as many as 9-12 ova. 11-13 embryos crowded in the posterior half of the right peribranchial cavity. Larval trunk measures 0.4 mm to 0.5 mm. Lateral, median dorsal and median ventral ampullae are present.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Meenakshi, VK (1998) Three species of polyclinid ascidians - New records to Indian waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 40(1&2) 201-205 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Meenakshi, VK; Renganathan, TK; Senthamarai, S and Jeyalakshmi, J (2003) Marine biodiversity - Taxonomy of Indian Ascidians Technical report Available at - Biodiversity Informatics Group, NIO, Goa
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at - http://www.eol.org/

Page last updated on:2011-09-15

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