Echinomuricea andamanensis   Thomson & Simpson,  1909 (Soft coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Alcyonacea
Family:Plexauridae

Description
Size: Height 7-11 cm; width 5-9 cm

Color: Colony greyish yellow, axis dark brown and spicules colorless.

In some specimens the stalk proper continues as the main branch, while in others the branches given off from the stalk are in opposite direction. Branchlets formed from one side of the resultant branches develop well while those formed from the other side either malformed or suppressed. Branchlets fuse vaguely forming meshes of irregular size and shape; branchlets end bluntly at their growing tips. Stalk with a button-shaped hold-fast; diameter of the stalk up to 2.5 mm, branches and branchlets slender, 1 to 1.5 mm in diameter. Calyces compactly arranged on all sides at actively growing parts, but sparsely noted at older parts; when present spirally to irregularly disposed, height 0.37 mm and width 0.56 mm on an average; distally ornamented with ‘thorn-scales’; polyps completely retractile.
Spicules: (1) Thorn-scales. Echinomuricea type: median spine prominent and with warts or spinules, size up to 0.42 x 0.37 mm; size of the median spine 0.28 mm (height) x 0.050 mm (width at basal part). (2) Spindles. Warty throughout, warts on concave side more prominent in some. Size up to 0.67 x 0.014 mm; warty projections may have lateral spines in advanced condition, these projections may measure up to 0.021 mm (height) x 0.021 mm (width at base). (3) Smaller spindles and crosses. Very common.


Synonym (s)
Echinomuricea andamanensis Thomson & Simpson 1909

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Kerala, Off Kollam INDIA (Depth: -(50-85) mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Thomas, PA; George, RM and Manickam, PES (1998) Deep water gorgonids collected aboard Forv Sagar Sampada from the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 40(1&2) 158-165 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2010-05-10

Back to Search