Pista indica   Fauvel,  1940 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Size: 15-20 mm. by 2-2.5 mm.

Body rather short and plumb. Abdomen cylindrical with numerous short segments. Sixteen thoracic setigerous segments present. Three pairs of branchiae. Prostomium with long and thick grooved tentacles. Dorsal setae are capillary with narrow wings and a finely serrated tip. Unicini start on the 2nd setigerous segment. Prostomium with an eyeless lobe bearing long, and rather thick, grooved tentacles. Buccal segment expanded into a dorsal arched tip. Obsolete lateral lobes on segments 2 and 3. 8-9 ventral scutes. Three pairs of bushy gills, all about the same size. Pygidium without papillae. Dorsal setae capillary with narrow wings and a finely serrated tip. Uncini from the 2nd setigerous segment. The first four uncinigerous tori short, with a transverse row of big, long, brown hooks with smooth tips. On the two following tori a single row of smalll avicular uncini, the succeeding thoracic and abdominal segments bear two alternating rows.

Synonym (s)
Pista indica Fauvel 1940

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine, Coastal


• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1974-03/1976)
• Kerala, Narakkal INDIA
• Kerala, Cheppanam INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 1994, 1995)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1989-1991)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA (Record: 1985-1986)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1981)
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Kannur INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Alleppey INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Kollam INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Port INDIA (Record: 11/1996-12/1996)

Literature Source(s)
  • Pillai, NGK (2001) On some benthic polychaetes from Cochin Estuary Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 120-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Kumar, RS (2001) Biodiversity and affinity of polychaetous annelids within the mangrove ecosystem of Indo-Pacific region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 206-213 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, RS (1999) New record of five annelids (Class: Polychaeta) from the mangrove habitat of the south west coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 41(1&2) 116-118 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mathew, A and Govindan, K (1995) Macrobenthos in the nearshore coastal system of Bombay Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India (B: Biological Sciences) National Academy of Sciences, India 65 (IV) 411-430 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/2286
  • Sarala Devi, K., Jayalakshmi, KV and Venugopal, P. (1991) Communities and coexistance of benthose in northern limb of Cochin backwaters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20 249-254 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Devi, KS; Sheba, P; Balasubramanian, T; Venugopal, P and Sankaranarayanan, VN (1996) Benthic fauna of southwest and southeast coasts of India The Fourth Indian Fisheries Forum Proceedings, Kochi, Kerala Asian Fisheries Society, Indian Branch, Mangalore 9-12 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1839/2/Fourth_Indian_Fish_Forum_Proc_1999_9.pdf
  • Sukumaran, S and Devi, KS (2009) Polychaete diversity and its relevance in the rapid environmental assessment of Mumbai Port Current Science Current Science Association in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Sciences 97(10) 1439-1444 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/3456/1/Curr_Sci_97_1439.pdf
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Martin, GD; Nisha, PA; Balachandran, KK; Madhu, NV; Nair, M; Shaiju, P; Joseph, T; Srinivas, K; and Gupta, GVM (2011) Eutrophication induced changes in benthic community structure of a flow-restricted tropical estuary (Cochin backwaters), India Environ Monit Assess Springer Science 176 427–438 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1594-1

Page last updated on:2011-04-26

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