Gallinula chloropus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: jiri bohdal

Size: 32- 35 cm

Adult: Sexes alike. Head and neck dark grey; remaining upperparts dark brown, closed wings with white edges; underparts slaty-grey; under tail-coverts conspicuously white with a black central patch; iris, frontal shield and base of bill red; terminal third of bill greenish-yellow; legs and feet green with an orange ring around base of tibia. Juvenile: More brown, legs grey above; much mixed with white below; bill and frontal shield greenish-brown.

Voice: Usually silent, but occasionally loud and explosive kurr-ik and kark (advertising call0, cuk cuk, cuk and kekuk (alarm call), and soft kook kook (territorial call)

Habits: Singly, i pairs or in small flocks up to 50 or more in winter; spends most of its time foraging in open water with floating vegetation; also feeds onshore.

Breeding season: May to August

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Common Moorhen (English)
• Jal murghi, Murghaabi, Boder, (Hindi)
• Patta kozhi (Malayalam)
• Jumbu kodi, Bolli kodi (Telugu)
• Tannir kozhi, Kaanaan kozhi, (Tamil)
• Pan kombdi, Kali pankombdi (English)
• Jal kukadi, Jalmurghi, (Gujarati)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Omnivorous, aquatic plants, molluscs, insects, small fish and frogs.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • NaturePhoto-CZ Available at -
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at -
  • Deiva Oswin S (1999) Avifaunal diversity of Muthupet mangrove forest Zoo's print journal 14(6) 47-53 Available at -
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-10-11

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