Accipiter nisus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights:

Size: 31-36 cm

A medium-sized short-winged hawk, difficult to distinguish from the Shikra or the Besra Sparrowhawk. Lacks mesial stripe on throat. Male has darker and slatier upperparts and legs longer and slenderer than Shikra's. A white supercilium. Four or five blackish bands on tail. Female larger than male, more brown. Immature birds are dark brown with rufous edged feathers and conspicuous white base to neck and nape feathers. Breast feathers with heart-shaped rufous-brown spots and bars on abdomen, flanks and thigh coverts.

Voice: Two long notes followed by three or four short ones tin-tin-tititi

Nesting: Season- Resident race breeds from April to June. Nest- usually the unused nest of jungle crow, etc. Sometimes builds itself on cliff ledges. Eggs- 4 to 6, buff red or bluish white with red-brown or black-brown spots or blotches.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Eurasian Sparrowhawk (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003, 2008)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Photo Gallery wildlife pictures Available at -
  • Available at -
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-10-30

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