Leiognathus blochii [Status Unaccepted]   (Valenciennes,  1835) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Chilika Development Authority

Size: 10 cm

Color: Body silvery, with a dark saddle-shaped blotch on nape, and vertical zig-zag yellow stripes on back and sides of body. A jet black blotch in upper half of spinous dorsal fin from the 3rd to the 6th spines; pectoral and pelvic fins hyaline.

Oval and compressed body. Its dorsal profile is more or less as convex as ventral profile. Snout is pointed. Mouth is small and points downward when protracted; cleft of mouth opposite lower third of eye. The mandibular profile is very much concave. Gill rakers are slender and longer than gill-lamellae. Teeth are small and are arranged in a single row in both jaws. Dorsal fin has 8 spines and 16 soft rays. Anal fin has 3 spines and 14 soft rays. Pelvic fin reaching about 3/4 to origin of anal fin. Head naked, minute scales on body, breast scaly. Scales are minute and conspicuous.

Breeds in rainy season.

Synonym (s)
Equula blochii Valenciennes, 1835

Common Name (s)
• Tanki Chandi
• Bloch's Ponyfish (English)
• Kap (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine


• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-13

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