Carangoides ferdau   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max length 70.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); common length 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Max. weight reported: 8,000 g

Color: Body yellowish green on back, silvery white on sides; 5-6 dusky bands on sides; sometimes with inconspicuous golden spots. Fins green or dusky purple, with a white edge to anal and caudal fins.

Body oblong and compressed; head profile evenly convex; eye low-set, at level of snout tip. Upper jaw (maxilla) reaching to front edge of eye or front edge of pupil. Teeth in jaws in villiform bands, outer teeth and especially those at symphysis enlarged. Gill rakers 18 to 19 on first arch. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent spine (partially embedded in skin) and 7 normal spines; second dorsal fin falcate, with 1 spine and 25 to 29 soft rays. Anal fin falcate, with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 21 to 23 soft rays. Pectoral fins falcate. Scales fine; breast with a triangular naked area from about pelvic fin origin to halfway between isthmus and pectoral fin base. Lateral line anteriorly with a long and very low arch, which joins lateral line straight under 16th to 18th soft dorsal fin ray; 24 to 26 feeble scutes on lateral line.

Synonym (s)
Carangoides ferdau (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Carangoides hemigymnostethus Bleeker, 1851
(Junior synonym)
Carangoides laticaudis (Alleyne & Macleay, 1877)
(Junior synonym)
Caranx ferdau (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Caranx gilberti Jordan & Seale, 1906
(Junior synonym)
Caranx hemigymnostethus (Bleeker, 1851)
(Junior synonym)
Caranx laticaudis Alleyne & Macleay, 1877
(Junior synonym)
Ferdauia lindemanensis Whitley, 1951
(Junior synonym)
Scomber ferdau Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Caranx ferdau Day, 1876
Carangoides gilberti Sreenivasan (nec Jordan & Seale), 1978
Carangoides ferdan (Forsskal, 1775)

Common Name (s)
• Ferdau's Cavalla (English)
• Fanihandi (Mahl)
• Kuluvel (Malayalam)
• Blue trevally (English)
• Ferfanus trevally (English)
• Parai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish; excellent food fish.
Reported to cause ciguatera poisoning.)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans, mollusks and small fish


• Arabian Sea (Lat: 7.85) (Long: 77.93) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 42 mts)
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Sreenivasan, PV (1974) On two new records of carangid fishes from Indian seas Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 21 (1) 20-28 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-18

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