Nettapus coromandelianus   (Gmelin,  1789) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyright: pbase

Size: 30-37 cm

The smallest Indian duck. Male: Chiefly black and white with a prominent black collar round the lower neck.Head and neck white with blackish, green-glossed crown; bill black; iris crimson-red; back blackish-brown, completely overlaid with dark green gloss slightly mixed with purple, distinct white wing-bar prominent in flight; underparts white; tail brown; legs black. Female: Dull brown, a dark line through eyes, indistinct white wing-bar. Male (in eclipse): Like female but darker above, distinct white wing-bar.

Voice: Short, sharp cackle quack, quack-quacky on wing.

Habits: Usually in pairs during breeding season. otherwise small flocks up to 50 to 500 birds.

Breeding season: June-September. Nest- a natural hollow in a tree trunk near water.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Cotton Teal (English)
• Cotton Pygmy-goose (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-09-27

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