Thryssa vitrirostris   (Gilchrist & Thompson,  1908) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Maximum 20.0 cm TL (male); common to 15 cm

Color: Back brown/green, flanks silvery; dark venulose area at shoulder; gill cavity bright orange. Fins hyaline.

Body compressed and fusiform. Belly keeled, with 16 to 19 pre-pelvic and 8 t0 12 post-pelvic scutes. Snout is prominent and bluntly rounded. Mouth is oblique. Maxilla long, its tip pointed, reaching beyond base of first pectoral fin ray; minute, oval first supra-maxilla. Gillrakers on lower arm of first arch 18 to 24. Lower gill rakers with serrae on the inner edge in distinct clumps in larger fishes. Dorsal fin with 10 to 12 branched rays. A small free, sharp spine is present in front of dorsal fin. Anal fin has 31 to 40 branched rays. Anal soft rays: 31-40.

Synonym (s)
Engraulis vitrirostris Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
(Senior synonym)
Thrissocles malabaricus (non Bloch, 1795)
(Misapplied name)
Thrissocles vitrirostris Fowler, 1941
Thrissocles vitrirostris Dutt, 1961
Thryssa vitrirostris Whitehead, 1973

Common Name (s)
• Nedu Poruva (Tamil)
• Orangemouth Anchovy (English)
• Orangemouth Thryssa (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, used as bait. Generally marketed fresh, may be salted or dried.)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Planktonic organisms
Predator:  Shark (Carcharhinus limbatus), shore birds (Ceryle rudis, Hydroprogne tschegrava, Phalacrocorax carbo)


• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Kerala INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-12

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