Aspergillus nidulans   (Eidam) G. Winter,  1884 (Marine Fungus)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Fungi
Phylum:Ascomycota
Class: Eurotiomycetes
Order:Eurotiales
Family:Trichocomaceae

Image copyrights: The University of Adelaide

Conidial head of Aspergillus nidulans

Description
Colony characteristics: Colonies (CzA) growing rapidly, green, cream-buff or honey; reverse dark purplish.

Microscopy: Conidial heads short, columnar, up to 80 μm long. Conidiophore stipes brownish, 60-130 x 2.5-3 μm. Vesicles hemispherical, 8-10 μm diameter. Conidiogenous cells biseriate, 5-9 x 2-3 μm. Metulae 5-6 x 2.3 μm. Conidia spherical, rugulose, subhyaline, green in mass, 3-4 μm diameter.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(It has been reported as a causative agent of aspergillosis in humans and animals. This species has also been reported as the etiologic agent of diverse infections in humans, either alone or in association with other opportunistic fungi and seems to be a particularly virulent pathogen in sufferers of Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD). Infections of animal groups such as cow, horse, rhinoceros, duck and pigeon have been reported, mainly pulmonary disease but also as bovine mycotic abortion and others.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kagh Island INDIA (Record: 12/1960-01/1961)
• Gujarat, Bhavnagar Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Mangalvan (Lat: 10) (Long: 76.3) INDIA (Depth: 1 mts)
• Kerala, Mangalvan (Lat: 9.98) (Long: 76.26) INDIA (Depth: 1 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 06/2007)
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• Orissa, Ganjam Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Vala, AK; Vaidya, SY and Dube, HC (2000) Cellulase make-up of certain facultative marine fungi isolated from Bhavnagar coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 153-156 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • The Aspergillus website The Fungal Research Trust Available at - http://www.aspergillus.org.uk
  • Mycology Online University of Adelaide, Australia Available at - http://www.mycology.adelaide.edu.au/
  • Rai, JN; Tewari, JP and Mukerji, KG (1966) Mycoflora of mangrove mud Mycopathologia Springer 38(1-2) 17-31 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02051672
  • Prabhakaran, N and Gupta, R (1990) Activity of soil fungi of Mangalvan, the mangrove ecosystem of Cochin backwater Fishery technology(India) Society of Fisheries Technologists, India 27 157-159 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/2430/2/Fish_Technol_27_157.pdf
  • Kandikere, RS (2009) Fungal diversity of Pichavaram mangroves, southeast coast of India Nature and Science Marsland Press 7(5) 67-75 Available at - http://www.sciencepub.net/nature/0705/09_0766_sridhar_Text_ns0705.pdf
  • Kathiresan, K (2003) Polythene and plastics-degrading microbes from the mangrove soil Revista de Biologia Tropical Universidad de Costa Rica 51(3, 4) 629-634 Available at - http://www.ots.ac.cr/tropiweb/attachments/volumes/vol51-3-4/03-Kathiresan-Polythene.pdf
  • Panda, T (2010) Some sugar fungi in coastal sand dunes of Orissa, India Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research Academic Journals 1(5) 73-80 Available at - http://www.academicjournals.org/JYFR/PDF/Pdf2010/July/Panda.pdf

Page last updated on:2010-12-20

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