Cheilinus bimaculatus   Valenciennes  1840 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

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Size: 14.5 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens light brownish. A dark brown blotch immediately behind eye and a larger one below lateral line and just behind extremity of pectorals. In some well preserved specimens a broad dark irregular band on sides, from head to caudal, fainter on tail and consisting of anastomosing patches, leaving light brownish patches between them. A dark brown blotch between first and second dorsal spine, remainder of spinous dorsal brownish, the color getting gradually fainter posteriorly, but still visible on anterior part of soft dorsal. A marginal white border along spinous dorsal. Posterior part of soft dorsal white. Anal and caudal with brownish markings, forming more or less regular crossbars on latter. Pectorals and ventrals hyaline, last named sometimes dusky near tip.

Height 2.7-3.2, 3.3-3.9 in length with caudal. Head 2.8-3, 3.6-3.9 in length with caudal. Height of head 1.1-1.2 in its length. Eye 3.7-4.8, about equal to almost flat inter orbital space and 1.2-1.6 in snout. Jaws equal. Chin scarcely prominent. Mouth somewhat oblique. Maxillary not quite reaching to below front border of eye. Conical teeth in a single row in jaws, with two canines anteriorly in each jaw. Teeth white. Praeoperculum smooth, with two transverse rows of scales, leaving only a very narrow space at its edge and along its hind border naked. Scales on upper part of head beginning above middle of eyes. Seven or eight rows of scales before dorsal. First dorsal spine equal to eye, last spine longest, about equal to snout and half eye, not shorter than rays of soft dorsal, which is rounded and with a straight hind border. Origin of anal below 8th dorsal spine. First anal spine shortest, somewhat more than eye. Third spine but little longer than second, as long as last dorsal spine. Soft anal pointed, the longest rays longer than spines. Dorsal and anal with a well developed scaly sheath. Pectorals rounded, as long as snout and half eye. Ventrals pointed, about half diameter of eye longer than pectorals. Caudal rounded, the upper and some of the median rays prolonged into filaments.

Remarks: Value in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Cheilinus bimaculatus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1839
Cheilinus ceramensis Bleeker 1862
Cheilinus ceramensis Gunther 1881
Cheilinus melanopleura Bleeker 1871
Cheilinus bifasciatus Bleeker
Chilinus ceramensis M. Weber 1895
Chilinus bimaculatus Steindachiner 1900
Cheilinus bimaculatus Jordan and Evermann 1905
Cheilinus ceramensis de Beaufort 1913
Cheilinus bimaculatus Fowler and Bean 1928
Cheilinus bimaculatus Fowler 1928
Cheilinus bimaculatus P. J. Schmidt 1930
Cheilinus bimaculatus Fowler 1938

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Available at -

Page last updated on:2009-11-03

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