Setipinna phasa   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Hossain, M.A.R.

Size: 40 cm TL

Color: Back greenish gray, flanks silvery.

Body fusiform, strongly compressed. Belly with strongly keeled with 15 pre-pelvic and 6 or 7 post-pelvic scutes. Snout moderately prominent, bluntly pointed; maxilla short, its tip truncate, just extending to gill opening. Gill rakers on lower arm of first arch 18 or 19; gill rakers with the serrae even or becoming clumped in some smaller specimens. Dorsal fin origin nearer to snout tip than to caudal fin base. Pectoral filament long, reaching to base of 15th to 39th anal fin ray. Anal fin with 69 to 81 branched rays, with upper caudal lobe truncated, shorter than lower. Pectoral fins hyaline, but dark in fishes over 13.6 cm SL. Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 66 - 78.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Has an extended breeding season, possibly throughout the year.

Synonym (s)
Clupea phasa Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Clupea telara Hamilton, 1822
(Junior synonym)
Engraulis telara (Hamilton, 1822)
(Junior synonym)
Setipinna megalura Swainson, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Setipinna truncata Swainson, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Clupea phasa Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
Engraulis telara (Hamilton-Buchanan) : Day, 1878
Setipinna phasa Whitehead, 1973

Common Name (s)
• Gangetic Anchovy (English)
• Phasa (Bengali)
• Tamparia (Oriya)
• Chalo (Assamese)
• Salo (Assamese)
• Phansa (Bengali)
• Gangetic Hairfin Anchovy (English)
• Bindi (Hindi)
• Bindt (Hindi)
• Patara (Hindi)
• Phasia (Hindi)
• Tampara (Oriya)
• Long Finned Gangetic Anchovy (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; foodfish)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Mysids, small prawns and copepods
Predator:  Anguilla bengalensis bengalensis (fish)


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Mohana (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Sarkar, SK and Bhattacharya, AK (2003) Conservation of biodiversity of the coastal resources of Sundarbans, Northeast India: an integrated approach through environmental education Marine Pollution Bulletin Elsevier 47(1-6) 260-264 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at -
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-04

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