Acanthocepola abbreviata   (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes,  1835) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Cepolidae

Image copyrights: Gloerfelt-Tarp, T

Description
Size: 20 cm.

Color: In fresh specimens reddish, merging into brilliant red on dorsal, anal and caudal, paler on head, belly whitish, a series of yellow or orange cross bands on body, becoming broken into elongate spots anteriorly, head and lateral line with a brilliant silvery lustre over all, anal and caudal with a black marginal line. Our alcoholic specimens are yellowish with a silvery lustre but have lost the markings, the posterior third of the dorsal, anal and the caudal show a blackish margin.

Ribbon-like compressed, elongate, tapering towards pointed tail, height shortly behind head about 7.6 (in specimens of about 170 mm length) and nearly equal to rounded compressed head. Eye in anterior half of head, 2.7 in its length, entering dorsal profile, its diameter nearly twice flat inter orbital space, which goes about thrice in length of head. Snout short, blunt, 1.5 in eye and 4.2 in head, with a median hump by the prominent inter maxillary pedicels. Mouth oblique, chin prominent, the jaws equal, the upper with about 27 distant teeth on each branch, the lower with fewer but somewhat larger and partly recurved teeth, maxillary totally exposed, its broad distal border reaching below hind border of pupil. Scales imbricate in longitudinal rather regular lines, covering also opercle and preopercle, the latter with a prominent triangular spine at its rounded angle and before it three or four much smaller ones on its lower border. Lateral line ascending with keeled scales from the upper corner of the branchial opening to the third or fourth dorsal ray and running along base of that fin to caudal. Dorsal originating above middle of opercle, united with caudal as also with anal. Pectorals rounded, about 1.3 in length of head, ventrals shorter, their first ray reaching with a filament on anal. Caudal ending in a long filamentous tip.


Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Cepola abbreviata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835
Cepola abbreviata Cantor, 1850
Cepola abbreviata Bleeker, 1858
Cepola abbreviata Gunther, 1861
Acanthocepola abbreviata Bleeker, 1878
Cepola abbreviata Sauvage, 1881
Cepola abbreviata Day, 1888
Cepola abbreviata Rutter, 1807
Cepola abbreviata Duncker, 1904
Acanthocepola abbreviata Jordan and Seale, 1907
Acanthocepola abbreviata M. Weber, 1913
Acanthocepola abbreviata Herre, 1927
Cepola abbreviata Borodin, 1932

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at - http://www.eol.org/
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents

Page last updated on:2010-04-23

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