Cylindrotheca closterium   (Ehrenberg) Reiman and Lewin,  1964 (Diatom)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Bacillariophyceae
Order:Bacillariales
Family:Bacillariaceae

Image copyrights: Plankton net

Single cell of Cylindrotheca closterium

Description
Size: Apical axis 30-400 μm.

Color: Yellow brown.

Frustules in the fusiform part not twisted, in the rostra not or only slightly twisted about the apical axis. Valve face weakly silicified, almost imperforate, traversed by more or less transapical silicified thickenings. Raphe traversed by a series of fibulae, joined directly to the valve face. One of the edges of the valve bordering the fissure minutely serrate. Fissure interrupted at the center. Two chromatophores.

Reproduction is general for group: both sexual and asexual.


Synonym (s)
Ceratoneis closterium Ehrenberg, 1841
(Basionym)
Nitzschia closterium (Ehrenberg) W. Smith, 1853
(Heterotypic synonym)
Nitzschia curvirostris var. closterium (Ehrenberg) Van Heurck, 1881
Nitzschia curvirostris var. delicatissima Lemmermann, 1898
Nitzschiella tenuirostris Mereschkowsky, 1901
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Producer
Predator:  Marine microorganisms and animal larvae

Biogeography


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 18/05/2001-21/05/2001, 18/08/2001-21/08/2001, 18/11/2001-21/11/2001)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 06/07/2001-02/08/2001)
• Karnataka, Old Port of Mangalore (Lat: 12.86) (Long: 74.88) INDIA (Record: 28/12/2005 - 13/01/2006)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.9) (Long: 72.66) INDIA (Record: 11/2001-10/2002, 04/2002-05/2002)
• Goa, Dona Paula Bay (Lat: 15.45) (Long: 73.8) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rath, J and Adhikary, SP (2006) Seasonal variation of phytoplankton in Chilika Lake, east coast of India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 28(1) 43-48 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Plankton*Net Data Provider at the Alfred Wegener Insitute for Polar and Marine Research Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10013/de.awi.planktonnet
  • Hasle, GR and Syvertsen, EE (1997) Marine diatoms Identifying marine phytoplankton Academic Press, San Diego, USA 5-385 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Paul, JT; Ramaiah, N; Gauns, M and Fernandes, V (2007) Preponderance of a few diatom species among the highly diverse microphytoplankton assemblages in the Bay of Bengal. Marine Biology springerlink 152(1) 63-75 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/637/4/Mar_Biol_152_63.pdf
  • Harnstrom, k; Karunasagar, I and Godhe, A (2009) Phytoplankton species assemblages and their relationship to hydrographic factors-a study at the old port in Mangalore, coastal Arabian sea Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 38(2) 224-234 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/4673
  • D’Costa, PM and Anil, AC (2010) Diatom community dynamics in a tropical, monsoon-influenced environment: West coast of India Continental Shelf Research Elsevier B.V. 30(12) 1324-1337 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2010.04.015
  • Patil, JS and Anil, AC (2005) Biofilm diatom community structure: Influence of temporal and substratum variability Biofouling Taylor & Francis 21(3/4) 189 – 206 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints/Biofouling_21_189.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-14

Back to Search