Gastroclonium iyengarii   K. Srinivasan,  1960 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Rhodymeniales
Family:Champiaceae

Description
Color: Varies from red to pink or purple, older parts dark brown, younger parts light green to light red.

Easily recognized due to erect shoot bearing large number of linear oblong articulated structure in tufts near the extremeties of the shoots bearing them. Frond cartilaginous, erect, cylindrical, 10-12 cm or in height, 2 cm thick; branching pseudo-dichotomous. Ramuli numerous, lateral in acropetal succession on frond, inflated, linear oblong, segmented, 15-20 mm long and 2.5-3.5 mm broad; number of segments 11-20 in each ramulus; mid segments longer than the basal and distal segments. Cavity inside the ramulus intercepted by diaphragm at intervals. Axial filaments of ramuli 16.5-30 µ across; bulb cells 22-33 X 20-26 µ. Tetrasporangia pyriform 100 X 50 µ. Tetraspores by tetrahedral division.

Attains luxuriant growth during the colder months - January and February.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Open Sea, Rocky

Biogeography


• INDIA
• YEMEN
• Maharashtra, Colaba INDIA (Record: 09/1997-11/1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Off Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur Coast INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dhargalkar, VK; Untawale, AG and Jagtap, TG (2001) Marine macroalgal diversity along the Maharashtra coast: Past and present status Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR, CSIR 30(1) 18-24 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/402
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Chennubhotla, VSK; Kalimuthu, S; Ramalingam, JR and Pillai, SK (1995) Distribution of seaweeds off Kattapadu-Tiruchendur Coast, Tamil Nadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 17(1-2) 183-193 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Chennubhotla, VSK; Kalimuthu, S; Ramalingam, JR; Pillai, SK; Muniyandi, K; Rao, KR; Rao, PVS; Thomas, PC; Zaidi, SH and Subbaramaiah, K (1998) Seaweed resources and distribution in deep waters from Dhanushkodi to Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 20(1&2) 141-151 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srinivasan, KS (1969) Phycologia Indica: Icones of Indian marine algae Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta 1 52 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-13

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