Lutjanus sebae   (Cuvier,  1828) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Government of India

Size: 60-100 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens whitish, with a reddish wash, each scale often with a pearly spot. Three dark brown bands, the first somewhat broader than diameter of eye, from origin of dorsal through eye to snout. The second beginning in fin membrane between third and sixth dorsal spine, running downwards and broadening considerably, so that on belly its breadth reaches from base to tip of ventrals. Third band beginning on fin membrane of last dorsal spine and anterior soft rays, running obliquely downward and backward to caudal peduncle, where it narrows and runs to the end of the lower caudal lobe. It is also continued on the soft dorsal, forming there a broad marginal blackish band. A similar band on anal. Upper lobe of caudal also with a broad dark band, similar to that of the lower lobe, but not connected with the bands on the body and sometimes only distinct in the distal part of the fin. Axil of pectoral darkish, forming part of the second band of the body and concealed by the fin. Ventrals blackish, still darker towards the lip.

Dorsal profile ascending strongly in a straight line from snout to occiput. Height 2.2, 2.8 in length with caudal. Head 2.5, 3.1 in length with caudal. Eye 4.6-5.7, 2-2.2 in snout and scarcely less than convex inter orbital space. Mouth rather oblique. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye or nearly so. Small teeth in narrow bands in the jaws, with an outer series of more distant caninoid ones, those in front part of upper jaw and on sides of lower jaw somewhat larger. Small teeth on vomer in a triangular patch, on palatines in a very narrow band. Head naked. Scales beginning on occiput behind eye with a distinct post-temporal band, separated in the middle, as well as form the scales behind by a scaleless region. Temporal region naked. Six to seven transverse rows of scales on preoperculum. Inferior and posterior preopercular limb naked. Inferior and posterior preopercular border denticulated. Preopercular notch developed, but shallow, receiving the inter opercular knob. Longitudinal rows of scales above and below lateral line oblique, ascending to dorsal profile. About 56 transverse rows of scales above and 52-54 below lateral line. Dorsal spines rather stout. First spine somewhat less than half length of second, which is not much shorter than third. Third spine longest, equal to post orbital part of head. Soft dorsal high and pointed, the median rays longest and equal to head without snout or a little longer. First anal spine less than half length of second, which is stronger but not longer than third one and somewhat more than diameter of eye. Soft anal deep and pointed, the median rays the longest, much longer than spine and equal to snout and eye or somewhat longer. Pectorals almost equal to head. Ventrals equal to snout and eye or somewhat longer. Ventral spine equal to snout. Dorsal fin with 11 spines and 15 or 16 soft rays; anal fin with 3 spines and 10 or 11 soft rays; soft parts of dorsal and anal fins pointed. Longitudinal scales rows above lateral line appear to rise obliquely to dorsal profile, those below more or less horizontal anteriorly but appearing to raise obliquely posteriorly. Caudal somewhat emarginate.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Diacope sebae Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Diacope siamensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Mesoprion sebae Bleeker, 1849
Genyoroge sebae Gunther, 1859
Lutjanus sebae Bleeker, 1862
Mesoprion sebae Kner, 1865
Diacope sebae Klunzinger, 1870
Lutjanus sebae Day, 1888
Lutjanus sebae Bleeker, 1873
Genyoroge sebae Macleay, 1881
Mesoprion sebae McCulloch, 1919
Lutianus sebae Fowler and Bean, 1922
Lutianus sebae Barnard, 1927
Lutjanus sebae Fowler, 1931
Lutjanus sebae Chevey, 1932
Diacope civis Valenciennes, 1831
Diacope sebae Cuvier, 1816
Diacope siamensis Valenciennes, 1830
Genyoroge regia De Vis, 1884
Lutianus sebae (Cuvier, 1816)

Common Name (s)
• Emperor Red Snapper (English)
• Nai Kerruchi (Tamil)
• Seppili
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; excellent edible fish of fine flavor and texture.)



• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-19

Back to Search