Penaeus (Penaeus) monodon   Fabricius,  1798 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Max. size: 336 mm TL.
Weight: 60-130 g.

Fifth pereopod without an exopod. Hepatic carina straight, almost horizontal, distinctly separated from base of antennal carina. Adrostral carina and groove extending as far as, or slightly ahead of epigastric tooth. Antennal carina very prominent, ending above middle of hepatic carina. Gastro-orbital carina extending over posterior half, or less of distance between hepatic spine and orbital margin. Petasma with distomedian projection slightly overhanging distal margin of costae. Ventral costae generally unarmed, sometimes minutely serrate at tip. Outer surface of lateral lobes generally unarmed. Inner surface of lateral lobes armed with spinules. Thelycum with lateral plates, their median margin sometimes forming tumid lips. Anterior process concave rounded distally. Posterior process sub triangular, partly inserted between thelycal plates.


Synonym (s)
Penaeus carinatus Dana, 1852
Penaeus tahitensis Heller, 1662
Penaeus semisulcatus exsulcatus Hilgendorf, 1879
Penaeus coeruleus Stebbing, 1905
Penaeus bubulus Kubo, 1949
Penaeus monodon monodon Burkenroad, 1959

Common Name (s)
• Giant Tiger Prawn (English)
• Jinga
• Kara Chemmeen
• Yera
• Bagda Chingri
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kolkata INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• BANGLADESH

Literature Source(s)
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Achuthankutty, CT; Chavan, V; Chandramohan, D; Kulkarni, V and Kavlekar, D (1998) Marine prawns of India NIO's Database on Marine Life of India (NIODMLI) Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/prawns/Index.htm
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2004) Crustacean fishery resources of coastal West Bengal and their conservation issues Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 71-80 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-28

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