Scomberoides tol   (Cuvier,  1832) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. (FishBase)

Size: 60.0 cm TL.

Max. published weight: 510 g.

Color: Bluish above, silvery below; 7 or 8 vertically oblong blackish blotches on sides, the anterior 3 or 4 on the lateral line and the posterior ones above the lateral line being smaller and sometimes indistinct. Distal part of anterior rays of dorsal blackish, rest of the fin slightly dusky. Anal, pectoral and ventral pale yellowish. Caudal dusky.

Head 4.5-4.7 in standard length, 5.5-5.7 in total length. Depth of body 4.3-4.5 in standard length, 5.2-5.4 in total length. Dorsal profile slightly concave above the eyes. Eye diameter 4.7-5.2 in head, 1.3-1.4 in snout and 1.5-1.6 in interorbital space. Maxillary reaching below hind border of pupil. In upper jaw a villiform band of teeth anteriorly, posteriorly in a single series; in two rows in lower jaw; villiform teeth present on vomer, palatines, pterygoids and tongue. Dorsal fin spines overlapping and not flattened; anterior rays of soft dorsal fin about twice in head; anterior rays of anal fin shorter. Pectoral fin longer than half length of head, ventral fin slightly shorter. Scales needle shaped and interdigitating.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VII; number of spines in the second dorsal fin: I, 20-21; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, I, 18-19; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 14-15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; gill raker count: 7+1+16-17.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Chorinemus tol Cuvier, 1832
(Senior Synonym)
Scomberoides formosanus Oshima, 1924
(Junior Synonym)
Chorinemus tol Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Chorinemus moadetta Day, 1878
Scomberoides tol Jones, 1969
Scomeroides tol (Cuvier, 1832)

Common Name (s)
• Palameen (Malayalam)
• Neymeen (Malayalam)
• Phunudi (Malayalam)
• Karivali
• Needlescaled Queenfish
• Slender Queen Fish (English)
• leather Jacket (English)
• Sag
• Chalia
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish
Venomous (Dorsal and anal fins may carry toxins))

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Nekton- Mainly fish


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajasegar, M and Sendhilkumar, R (2009) Finfish Resources of Karaikal,South East Coast of India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 1 (4) 330-332 Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-30

Back to Search