Penaeus (Fenneropenaeus) indicus   H. Milne Edwards,  1837 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Max. size: Male 184 mm TL, female 228 mm TL.
Max. carapace length 56 mm.

Gastro-orbital carina occupying the posterior 2/3 distance between hepatic spine and orbital angle. Blade of rostrum becoming moderately high in large specimens. Adrostral crest and groove extending as far as or just beyond epigastric tooth. In adult males dactyl of third maxilliped about as long as propodus (0.85 to 1.0 time). Petasma with distomedian projections overhanging distal margin of costae. Ventral costae unarmed. Outer surface of lateral lobes with a few rows of minute tubercles. Thelycum with lateral plates, their median margins forming tumid lips beset with papillae on their inner-surface. Anterior process rounded distally, posterior process ill-calcified, almost completely inserted between lateral plates.


Synonym (s)
Penaeus indicus longirostris De Man, 1892

Common Name (s)
• Indian White Prawn (English)
• Jinga
• Naran
• Vella Chemmeen
• Yera
• Chapda Chingri
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine

Biogeography


• INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Achuthankutty, CT; Chavan, V; Chandramohan, D; Kulkarni, V and Kavlekar, D (1998) Marine prawns of India NIO's Database on Marine Life of India (NIODMLI) Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/prawns/Index.htm
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2004) Crustacean fishery resources of coastal West Bengal and their conservation issues Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 71-80 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-28

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