Parupeneus spilurus   (Bleeker,  1854) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 30 cm.

Color: Above reddish, the sides and below more pearl-colored, beginning of tail above with a large yellow area, in middle between soft dorsal and caudal, above lateral line, a round blackish spot, fins yellowish or reddish.

Oblong compressed, dorsal profile arched from snout to caudal peduncle, ventral profile nearly straight to anus, height 3 in length, head 3.2-3.5, longer than height, its rostro-frontal profile arched with a concavity. Eye 4-5.5, shorter than slightly convex inter orbital space, situated rather high up about in middle of head. Snout pointed, about twice longer than eye-diameter. Mouth oblique, mandibula enclosed, lips thick, maxilla rounded behind, terminating before or below anterior margin of eye. Barbels slightly rigid only at their base, reaching to operculum or nearly surpassing it. Gillrakers 6+23 on first branchial arch. Scales wanting on praeorbital, covering snout and maxilla, often deeply embedded, those of lateral line with arborescent sensory tubes, especially the posterior ones. First dorsal much higher than second, but much lower than height of body, first spine minute, second not or nearly not pungent, not thicker than the succeeding, the third the longest, second dorsal and anal sub equally high, about twice lower than height of body, anteriorly higher than posteriorly, the last ray not produced, anal shorter than soft dorsal with two not stiff spines. Pectorals and ventrals sub equal, not or nearly not shorter than head without operculum. Caudal somewhat shorter than head, least height of caudal peduncle about half its length.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportion.

Synonym (s)
Upeneus spilurus Bleeker, 1854
Upeneus spilurus Gunther, 1859
Upeneus spilurus Bleeker, 1863
Upeneus spilurus Day, 1870
Parupeneus spilurus Bleeker, 1879
Upeneus spilurus Jordan and Snyder, 1901
Pseudupeneus spilurus Evermann and Seale, 1907
Pseudupeneus spilurus Snyder, 1907
Upeneus spilurus McCulloch, 1922
Upeneus spilurus Herre and Montalban, 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-04-06

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