Parexocoetus mento   (Valenciennes,  1846) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Max length : 11.0 cm SL

Color: Black iridescent blue, becoming silvery along the belly. Dorsal fin black; pectoral fins dark in their upper half.

Body elongate, somewhat compressed, rounded ventrally. Snout blunt, shorter than eye. Dorsal fin high, with 10 to 12 soft rays, the middle rays the longest. Pectoral fins strikingly long, extending to opposite middle or end of dorsal fin base. Pelvic fins short, not reaching origin of anal fin. Scales large, 38 to 42 along lateral series; predorsal scales about 18. Dorsal spines (total): 0; dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 12; anal spines: 0; anal soft rays: 10 - 12.

Synonym (s)
Exocoetus gryllus Klunzinger, 1871
(Junior Synonym)
Exocoetus mento Valenciennes, 1847
(Senior Synonym)
Parexocoetus brachypterus (non Richardson, 1846)
(Misapplied Name)
Parexocoetus mento atlanticus Bruun, 1933
(Junior Synonym)
Parexocoetus mento mento (Valenciennes, 1847)
(Senior Synonym)
Exocoetus mento Cuvier, 1846
Parexocoetus brachypterus brachypterus Rao and Basheerudin (nec Richardson), 1973

Common Name (s)
• African Sailfin Flyingfish (English)
• Pakharu-Masa (Marathi)
• Cuviers Flyingfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Pelagic


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-04-08

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