Brotula multibarbata   (Temminck and Schlegel,  1846) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: 30-100 cm TL.

Color: Dark brown with a submarginal black band and narrow white border on the dorsal and anal fins versus greenish to orange brown with orange-bordered dorsal and anal fins.

Height equal to length of head, 5.1 5.4 in length with caudal. Eye 4.2, slightly more than snout. Inter orbital space convex. 1.7 in eye. Barbels longer than eye, outer mandibular barbel longer than the others, equal to snout and half eye. Mouth oblique. Maxillary dilated behind, reaching almost to below hind border of eye. Origin of dorsal above middle of pectoral. Dorsal rays somewhat increasing in length posteriorly, the longest equal to snout and half eye. Origin of anal one fifth of total length nearer to tip of snout than to tip of caudal, its distance from head more than length of head. Anal as deep as dorsal. Pectorals as long as eye and snout. Ventrals equal to post orbital part of head. A nocturnal species, rarely seen for it lives in caves and crevices during the day and periodically emerges from cover at night to feed. Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass. Larvae found in the epipelagic far offshore.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Brotula burbonensis Kaup, 1858
(Ambiguous Synonym)
Brotula ensiformis Gunther, 1862
(Junior Synonym)
Brotula ferruginosus (Tickell, 1888)
(Ambiguous Synonym)
Brotula formosae Jordan & Evermann, 1902
(Junior Synonym)
Brotula japonica Steindachner & Doderlein, 1887
(Junior Synonym)
Brotula jayakari Gunther, 1909
(Junior Synonym)
Brotula marginalis Jenkins, 1901
(Junior Synonym)
Brotula muelleri Gunther, 1909
(Junior Synonym)
Brotula multicirrata Vaillant & Sauvage, 1875
(Junior Synonym)
Brotula palmietensis Smith, 1935
(Junior Synonym)
Brotula multibarbata Schlegel, 1847
Brotula multibarbata Bleeker, 1857
Brotula multibarbata Klunzinger, 1871
Brotula multibarbata Day, 1888
Brotula multibarbata Boulenger, 1889
Brotula multibarbata Steindachner, 1896
Brotula multibarbata Jordan and Fowler, 1902
Brotula multibarbata Gunther, 1909
Brotula multibarbata M. Weber, 1913
Brotula multibarbata Fowler, 1938
Brotula borbonica Kaup, 1858

Common Name (s)
• Goatsbeard brotula (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish)

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans and fishes


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-18

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