Mulloidichthys auriflamma [Status Unaccepted]   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 30 cm.

Color: Grayish or brownish above, lighter below, a yellow band from eye to caudal, touching lateral line, fins yellowish-hyaline, in life often with red spots on side of head.

Oblong, slender, compressed, greatest depth below anterior part of first dorsal, 3.5 to 4 in length, head 3.2 to 3.6, much longer than deep, its rostro-dorsal profile more or less convex, straight above eyes. Eye 3.5 to nearly 4 in head, nearer to hind margin of operculum than to end of snout, snout in young equal to it, in adult nearly twice longer, flat inter orbital space much broader than eye. Maxillary not reaching front border of eye, mouth small, oblique, the mandible slightly included, operculum with a small flat spine, barbels extending to hind margin of praeoperculum. Teeth in jaws in villi form bands, posteriorly in a single row. Gillrakers about 15 and some rudimentary ones on lower branch of first branchial arch. Scales finely ctenoid, somewhat caducous, wanting on top of snout. Spinous dorsal high, first spine minute or obsolete, second and third spines subequal 1.4 t o1.5 in head, second dorsal and anal concave, subequal, about twice lower than depth of body. Pectorals as long as ventrals, about equal to longest dorsal spine.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mullus auriflamma Forskal, 1775
Mullus flavolineatus Lacepede, 1801
Mullus aureovittatus Shaw, 1803
Upeneus flavolineatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Upeneus flavolineatus Ruppell, 1835
Upeneus flavolineatus Jenyns, 1842
Upeneus flavolineatus Bleeker, 1845
Mulloides flavolineatus Bleeker, 1849
Hypeneus flavolineatus Cantor, 1850
Mulloides flavolineatus Bleeker, 1852
Mulloides flavolineatus Gunther, 1859
Mulloides flavolineatus Kner, 1867
Mullus flavolineatus Jouan, 1867
Mullus flavolineatus Playfair, 1867
Mulloides auriflamma Klunzinger, 1870
Mulloides flavolineatus Gunther, 1875
Mulloides flavolineatus Bleeker, 1878
Mulloides flavolineatus Day, 1888
Mulloides flavolineatus MacLeay, 1881
Mulloides auriflamma Klunzinger, 1884
Mulloides flavolineatus Gunther, 1887
Mulloides flavolineatus Sauvage, 1891
Mulloides auriflamma Steindachner, 1900
Mulloides samoensis Bryan and Herre, 1903
Mulloides auriflamma Jenkins, 1904
Mulloides auriflamma Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Mulloides ruber Seale, 1906
Mulloides auriflamma Jordan and Seale, 1906
Upeneus queketti Gilchrist and Thompson, 1908
Mulloides flavolineatus Snyder, 1912
Mulloides auriflamma Kendall and Radcliffe, 1912
Mulloides auriflamma M. Weber, 1913
Upeneus queketti Gilchrist and Thompson, 1917
Mulloides auriflamma Fowler and Bean, 1922
Mulloides auriflamma Barnard, 1927
Mulloides auriflamma Herre and Montalban, 1928
Mulloides auriflamma Fowler, 1928
Mulloidichthys auriflamma Weber and de Beaufort, 1931

Common Name (s)
• Rheenduthelakanthi
• Manhamanakkam
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish; bait fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at -
  • Kumaran, M; Mohan, RSL and Murty, VS (1989) Other fin-fish resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 65-72 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Anthoni, F (2009) Camouflage under water, the art of not being seen Seafriends Available at -
  • Ghosh, S; Ganeshamurthy, R; Balamurugan, J and Kumar, TTA (2011) Reef fishing- An off season amusement at Lakshadweep Fishing chimes 31(1) 128-130 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at -
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-09-29

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